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Pollinator Deception and Plant Reproductive Success in Jack-In-The-Pulpit

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dc.contributor.author Pettit, Joseph L.
dc.date.accessioned 2010-07-20T18:43:12Z
dc.date.accessioned 2015-10-01T13:47:32Z
dc.date.available 2010-07-20T18:43:12Z
dc.date.available 2015-10-01T13:47:32Z
dc.date.issued 2010-07-20T18:43:12Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10484/970
dc.description.abstract I conducted a study of the deceptive pollination system of Jack-in-the-pulpit (Arisama triphyllum, Araceae) in forests of west-central Indiana. I focused on (a) determining the identities and abundances of insect visitors to spathes, (b) evaluating the success of female spathes in setting fruit, (c) determining the relative importance of pollinator visitation and plant size for fruit number, and (d) investigating the function of the female spathe’s lack of an exit hole, which has been hypothesized to improve pollination success. I found that (a) Jack-in-the-pulpit receives visits from both flies and thrips. Counts of fly corpses from spathes showed the most prevalent families to be Mycetophilidae and Sciaridae with other nematoceran families and a few brachyceran families present as well. Visitation by thrips, determined by visual inspection of spathes, was low, involving only 30% of plants. (b) Fifty-seven percent of female plants set fruit, with much variation among sites. (c) Mushroom flies, especially the families Mycetophilidae and Sciaridae, were found to be the primary pollinators of Jack-in-thepulpit based on pollen loads, visit rates, and an exclusion experiment. Pollination by thrips, though possible, probably had only a minor effect. (d) An experiment that created an exit hole in female spathes yielded no support for the hypothesis that lack of an exit hole (the natural condition) improves fruit set.
dc.description.statementofresponsibility Joseph L. Pettit
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Araceae.
dc.subject.lcsh Jack-in-the-pulpit.
dc.subject.lcsh Pollination by insects--United States--Indiana.
dc.subject.lcsh Fruit--Development
dc.subject.lcsh Insect pollinators.
dc.subject.other Deceptive pollination system.
dc.title Pollinator Deception and Plant Reproductive Success in Jack-In-The-Pulpit
dc.type Thesis
dc.date.graduationmonth December
dc.date.published 2009
dc.description.committeechair Scott, Peter E.
dc.description.committeemembers Steven L. Lima
dc.description.committeemembers William A. Mitchell
dc.description.degree Master of Science
dc.description.department Department of Biology
dc.description.imprint Cunningham Memorial library, Terre Haute,Indiana State University
dc.description.itemidetd GS071610-200905
dc.description.level Masters
dc.description.note Title from document title page. Document formatted into pages: contains 54 p.: Includes abstract.


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