The University Honors Program at Indiana State University provides academically talented and motivated students opportunities to study, conduct research, and exchange ideas in a challenging and supportive academic environment. It brings outstanding students and dynamic faculty together in courses that arouse curiosity, stimulate intellectual development, and expand understanding of a larger world.

Recent Submissions

  • Bridging the Gap of Age and Awkwardness: Improving Geriatric Sex Education

    Watson, Anne (2018-05)
    Improving geriatric sex education is not a common thought for many Americans, but with a quickly growing population it may soon become a common topic for discussion. Discomfort, awkwardness, and lack of communication often keep health care providers and physicians from discussing sexual health with their elderly patients. These limitations are significantly impairing physicians and health care providers from educating their patients about their sexual health and addressing any concern the patient might have about their sexuality. Sexual health in geriatrics is a growing concern among many health care fields today as the elderly are participating in risky sexual behaviors but are not using safe sex practices. After collecting research from 28 sources, I have concluded that there are many inadequacies that are preventing quality sexual health education for the elderly by examining the history of sex education, discussing the limitations and barriers of adequate sexual health education, and analyzing the training and education methods being used to improve this elderly sexual health education. There are many ways in which improvement for geriatric sexual health education can occur; from enhanced communication to quality training for geriatric health care providers; but in the end the overall change needed will have to come from our society as a whole. The geriatric population is the fastest growing population in today’s society and soon this population will have new needs and concerns that will have to be addressed by us and future generations.
  • Comparison of Data Protection Laws in the United States vs. the European Union

    Decker, Trey
    Data protection legislation is an area that has become more talked about in the current times in the United States. With the advent of the secret documents leaked by former intelligence analyst Edward Snowden, and the quick-to-follow data breaches of two major corporations, potentially affecting around 160 million Americans, the time to discuss and understand this topic is now. The in-depth understanding of US data protection laws present significant issues therein. There lie holes and fissures, as a matter of speaking, the framework that results in the lack of user protection. How then can these holes be mended, and what are the proposed solutions? In order to resolve this case, this research first understands another framework by which to compare the current US framework. When compared to the US framework, which pieces appear to be missing from the US? By analyzing the results and research of law professionals, the discovery is that the US could benefit from a cohesive law, which would protect the fundamental right of citizens to have private data protection and the proper representation. Additionally, there needs to exist, in the least, one organization which holds authority over individuals who breach this right; the EU refers to these as Independent Supervisory Authorities (ISAs). The implications of these findings highlight the urgency to provide this fundamental right to US citizens. Where the right to privacy fails is to say that there is a fundamental right to have that right protected.
  • The United States and Canadian System of Healthcare: A Comparative Study

    Akinlaja, Mopelola O.
    There is a lot to be said about the world of healthcare. The significance of the role our health plays in our lives cannot be overemphasized. The idea of this paper is to explore two of the largest and functional healthcare systems in the world. The purpose of this is because of some key differences between the systems of healthcare that are very important as they relate to the accessibility and availability of healthcare and also the quality of care that is received. The two countries being compared in this paper are the United States and Canada. These countries utilize systems of healthcare that were founded on similar principles, but that have diverged over time. The major conversation going on around the world is the fact that healthcare system in the United States needs some major adjustments. On this premise, I decided to investigate and conduct a comparative study between these two systems of healthcare. I am comparing these systems using three major criteria; the cost, the quality and the amount of funding and research these countries are involved in. After some research was conducted on my part, I came to the conclusions that healthcare is more expensive in the United States than in Canada, the quality of care produced in the United States is not necessarily better than in Canada but the United States is more advanced in technology and research and finally that the United States should consider adjusting their method of approaching healthcare to make it available to the entire population.
  • Rising Readmission Rates: A national issue

    Anderson, Elaine
    Recently there has been a rise in hospital readmission rates. As a result of this increase in readmissions, the Affordable Healthcare Act (ACA) was implemented to assist in reducing hospital readmissions. This was done by penalizing hospitals for readmissions associated with the Medicare population. Prior to this research, the effect of this legislation on the readmission rate was unknown. Additionally, the different aspects or factors that contributed to an individual’s risk for being readmitted were unclear. Also it was uncertain how a high verses low nurse-to-patient ratio would affect patient outcomes and the readmission rate. Finally, the effects of being hospitalized on the patient were unknown. Both subjective and objective data were evaluated for this research. After extensive research it was found that the readmission rate was declining slightly, but it was still unclear whether the ACA was the cause for this decline. Additionally, it was uncovered that the main factors that contributed to being readmitted included: age, disease, literacy barriers, community support, medication and quality of care. Furthermore, high nurse-to-patient ratios contributed to an increase in a hospital’s readmission rate as a result of a decrease in the quality of care given by the nurse. Finally it was concluded that patients that experience high stress levels are at a greater risk for being readmitted and post invasive care syndrome often occurs post-discharge. In order to prevent readmission it is necessary to collaborate with other health professions to meet the unique needs of each patient.
  • Issues and Challenges of Adapting a Creative Work

    Axe, Joshua Q.
    This paper presents an overview of the process of adapting a creative work (i.e., books, films, works of art, etc.) focusing on the unique issues and challenges of bringing two distinctive types of media and persons from different disciplines together to create a successful adaptation. While the nature of adaptation is change, the process to accomplish that transition is complex. This research discusses the media involved, some of the key people involved in the process (and their expectations of the end product), and other factors upon which the success or failure of an adaptation depends. Three main areas examined include how the skill and choices made by the adapter can impact the original work and the adaptation (both positively and negatively), how creative visions can mesh or clash, and whether some creative works should not be changed from their original form. This research study includes numerous articles on the Internet, on-line resources, Library resources, books, television, movies, as well as personal observations of the subject matter. This research can assist a potential adapter or creator of a work in making informed decisions about the viability of undertaking an adaptation project. Further in-depth study should be conducted prior to beginning any project of adaptation, since while some of the issues and challenges are evident and concrete, others are subjective in nature.
  • Disney’s Female Gender Roles: The Change of Modern Culture

    Barber, McKenzie
    Disney Animation and their films are a huge part of the entertainment industry in America. They influence and reach children through many avenues, not just with movies, but through clothing, games, and toys. Disney has been around for over 80 years, and during that time, they have played a role in how society displays gender roles. As modern culture goes through changes, Disney can also be seen making changes in the way they represent their characters, especially females. While looking specifically at Disney princesses, the depiction of females and their gender roles can be described in at least one of three ways. One, the original portrayal of Disney princesses is the stereotypical damsel-in-distress, and very domestic. This can be seen through Snow White, Cinderella, and Sleeping Beauty. A second portrayal arose and shifted the roles of female characters to be seen as rebellious and ambitious. This picture can be seen through the characters of Ariel, Mulan, and Rapunzel. Lastly, a final shift has taken place and the female characters are portrayed as independent and free spirited. This type of depiction can be seen through seen through Merida, Anna and Elsa. Through different researches and literature reviews, including the movies themselves, Disney can be seen slowly making strides along with the surrounding culture and changing times in America.
  • Creating Environmental Education for Children: Focusing on the Vigo County/Terre Haute Community

    Bilyeu, Jordanna
    This study is an attempt to create an action plan to improve environmental education for children within a community. It evaluates the reach and sophistication of this type of education that currently exists in the Vigo County/Terre Haute community, diagnoses weaknesses in the system, and finds ways to develop it. Data was collected through surveys given to elementary school teachers in Vigo County Public schools, interviewing community educators, making on-site visits to educational locations, online research, and speaking with political figures. Environmental education lacks sophistication in schools and can be improved through hands-on, sustainability standards and resources. Community sources outside of schools are limited to university organizations, city and county parks, and museums. The reach of these entities can be improved through advertisement, accessibility, and collaboration. Lastly, initiatives to change legislation can improve the reach and sophistication of environmental education through government-funded environmental programming.
  • American Culture’s Impact on Gender and The Perpetuation of a Gender Binary

    Blaho, Anna
    This thesis explores the origins of American culture’s fixation on gender being a dichotomous concept. Through the analysis of previous research surrounding the subject of gender roles, expectations, and stereotypes, contributors to this restrictive mind frame as well as reinforcing agents were recognized. Historical trends have demonstrated the assignment of clear and separate tasks to the genders, which in turn created differentiated experiences and opportunities presented to each gender. Facilitated by the historical basis, American culture emulated similar patterns that instilled inflexible conceptions about gender to the point where it has created a discriminate workplace environment. As a consequence of the culture, the American economy uses these gender ideals to increase revenue, disregarding of ethics. These factors combined produce negative effects on American citizens, regardless of how they identify. Comprehensively, the results have established that a rigid format of gender has the ability to limit the opportunities accessible to all genders.
  • Pursuing Legislative Authority for Clinical Social Workers to Provide Private Independent Mental Health Services: What is the Status and What are the Issues?

    Blower, Caroline
    The scope of clinical social work practice differs among the various US states as defined by legislative codes. Understanding these differences is challenging because legislative codes are difficult to read, sometimes requires advanced knowledge to interpret, or do not provide the sufficient breadth and/or depth of information to enable a full understanding of practice limits. The study utilized an electronic survey and asked social workers throughout the US five questions about providing private independent mental health services. These questions addressed the ability of licensed clinical social workers (LCSWs) to (1) provide diagnosis, (2) create treatment plans, (3) bill third party insurance, (4) bill Medicaid, and (5) bill Medicare. Results indicated that LCSWs in at least 32 states reported ability to provide all five services independently and privately; 17 states whose respondents reported conflictual or uncertain ability to provide one or more of the services; and two states whose respondents reported inability to provide one or more of the services. Fortunately, respondents from no states reported inability to provide all the services. The conflictual or uncertain responses likely arise from complications or restrictions in scope of practice in some states and in understanding evolving definitions of private and independent practice.
  • Euthanasia: Is it Ethically and Morally Acceptable?

    Carmichael, Hannah
    All over the world, there is discussion being made about euthanasia and if it is ethically and morally acceptable. The opinions are different from state to state and country to country. These differences in opinions evolve from different religions, political forces, generations, genders, and social classes. Through literature review, an overview of euthanasia, along with the ethical dilemmas, the laws regarding euthanasia, and the financial outcomes of euthanasia will be presented. Findings suggest that there may never be a definitive answer to the ethics of euthanasia, but more discussion and research can lead to a more understanding of the positive and negative outcomes of euthanasia, which can ultimately lead to the legalization of euthanasia and allowing the terminally ill patients to decide their fate.
  • Benefits of Air Transportation vs Ground Transportation in the Medical Field

    Carpenter, Mackenzie
    The risks and benefits of air ambulance transportation is compared yearly to see if the benefits outweigh the risks for patients and healthcare workers. Lifeline, specifically, is the only flight service with no helicopter crashes. They have successfully stabilized and transported the patients to the best hospital where they receive life-saving care. The Indiana State Trauma Care Committee continues to collect data throughout the year to go over certain patient situations and how to better the outcomes or their overall performance. While both air and ground ambulance services are used to transport patients, the patients deemed most critical based on the scene, are flown to the respective hospital. Each of the specific transportation services, they are equipped with the proper tools and equipment to save the patient’s life when necessary. Overall, the statistics are being looked at to improve patient transfers and better the outcomes of survival rates. Physicians and other medical personnel are working to improve their skills and learn from each patient’s case.
  • The Health Benefits of the Mediterranean Diet

    Cleek, Kathryn
    This thesis is over the health benefits of the Mediterranean diet, what causes these increase in health benefits. In the introduction of this paper I discuss what the Mediterranean diet is, the history of the Mediterranean diet, who first demonstrated the diet, the physical activity differences in America and Europe, the portion size differences and the Ten Commandments of the diet. Each component of diet is important for understand how the diet works when comparing it to the health of those who demonstrate the diet.
  • Global Competency Teaching Intercultural Communication and Creativity in Universities to Prepare Graduates For the Global Workforce

    Crawford, Cassidy
    Universities are leaving students vastly unprepared to succeed in the globalized workforce upon graduation, due to a lack of global competency. This article examines the use of intercultural communication and creativity as necessary resources for students to gain global competency. First, global competency is defined. Next, the need for intercultural communication and how this need can be met by universities is discussed in depth. Lastly, the same is done for creativity in the context of the real-world and education. Surveys and statics of employers, professors, and students are applied to this examination. Additionally, methods to integrate intercultural communication and creativity are discussed as well. Major findings reveal that, although challenging, implementing intercultural communication and creativity in universities is desirable and necessary for global competency and student preparedness.
  • The Experience of College Football and Effects on the Player

    Dachota, Nicholas
    The objective of this thesis will be to analyze the experience of college football and the impacts it has on the player. The main research of this thesis will be to see how playing in college affects the athlete in three major areas of his life. The areas that will be discussed in this thesis will be how the athlete is affected physically, socially, and financially. This thesis will help show the public how much a single sport that athletes have been playing years in college. It truly takes control of their entire life in almost every facet of their lives. This will help show how the student-athlete is more than just a football player for the university but a valued commodity for their respective universities.
  • Nutrition and the Effects on Student Behavior and Academic Performance in the Classroom

    Daniel, Kaitlin
    Nutrition, behavior, and academic performance; these three words have a few commonalities. They each can be related to children. They each can be related to school and they each can be related to issues in education. The following research has found intriguing statistics that are useful when investigating or planning a classroom climate. It has always been said that breakfast is the most important meal of the day. It jumpstarts the metabolism and awakens he body. Along with this it helps curb the appetite before lunch. An early addition to school nutrition was the availability of breakfast before school. This was a benefit for students because it created less of a gap for those who did not have food at home and those that did. Behavior can be a trying issue in the classroom. Students who struggle with behavior are students who need extra help. There are many reasons that a student may struggle with negative behavior but, working 8 hours on school work on an empty stomach does not help the matters any. Hunger does not help with brain functionality or behavior. The studies cited provide evidence that while hunger and unhealthy eating habits are not the sole reason behind poor behavior and negative academic performance it does not help the matter either. Studies showed that students who were hungry or did not have adequate nutrition struggled greater at focusing and on short term recall than those students who were well nourished. By completing a search and literature review there was an outstanding amount of data and statistics to base a sound outcome.
  • Acidic and Basic Destruction of Tissues

    Eaton, Cydney
    A coroner’s case I had learned about involved a man attempting to dispose of a body with acid. Shortly after exposure, the man was apprehended and the body was located. Upon investigation, police force determined the acid used to be hydrochloric acid, however, exact concentration remains unknown (Kohr, 2010). This led to the question of which easily accessible acid works best to degrade tissue. To answer this, an experiment was conducted involving pig feet and various concentrations of common acids and a single strong base. The feet were submerged in the solutions overnight and mass percent lost or gained was calculated. Analysis showed that hydrochloric acid did, in fact, destroy the tissue the most, but at its highest concentration. This proved our hypothesis of nitric acid degrading the tissues the most to be incorrect. The acid used by the perpetrator was most likely at a concentration between 6 and 12 M. More acid as well as a larger container would have proved him to be more successful.
  • Therapeutic Exercises: A Conservative Approach To The Treatment Of Chronic Low Back Pain

    England, Austin
    Chronic low back pain is becoming a worldwide epidemic; millions suffer from this condition every year. Back pain is one of the most frequent reasons cited for patient visits every year. It is the second most reason for days of missed work following the flu. Chronic low back pain is defined as pain persisting in the low back region for greater than three months. This pain may originate from a variety of factors. These factors can include, but are not limited to injury, disease, or different stressors on the body. Pain in the low back region may be felt as sharp, dull, achy, burning, specific, or vague. Due to the complex nature of chronic low back pain and the variety of forms in which it can take place there are a variety of different tools used to diagnose it. Research has determined the best ways to diagnose chronic low back pain, but has still not found the best way to treat chronic low back pain. This literature review will analyze one treatment form for chronic low back pain, therapeutic exercises. The following text states that therapeutic exercises are an effective conservative treatment option for chronic low back pain. The most effective therapeutic exercise approach is one that incorporates exercises from several different methods into the rehabilitation plan.
  • The Importance of Being Proactive: Suicide Clusters, Prevention Programs, and Postvention Methods in the High School Setting

    Farmer, Lindsay
    The purpose of this paper is to explain the phenomenon of suicide clustering and suicide contagion in relation to teenagers and the education system and to provide detailed recommendations for both the prevention and postvention of youth suicide in the school system. Due to the prevalence of mental health issues in teenagers, especially depression, it is important for educators to be aware of the risks of youth suicide attempts and completion, as well as the inherent dangers of clustering that may occur. The phenomenon of suicide clustering will be explained, including the methods by which clustering occurs, as well as the risks schools face when a student commits suicide because of the increased chance of a suicide cluster. The common risks and warning signs of suicides, contagion, and clustering will be discussed. Additionally, the risks associated with LGBT and special needs youth will be analyzed in order to suggest proper prevention training for educators of these students. Furthermore, an extensive, threefold prevention program and curriculum that includes school personnel, students, and parents will be analyzed and recommended. Moreover, the use of school-wide risk assessment, a relatively new concept in suicide prevention and intervention, will be explored and recommended. Also, postvention efforts—including the roles of the school corporation and the dangers of glamorizing teen suicide—will be suggested to minimize the risk of contagion and clustering. All of this will be completed through literature review and data collection from peer-reviewed journal articles.
  • Issues within Nursing Facilities Involving Quality of Care for the Elderly

    Fluhr, Kendal
    The elderly population in the U.S. is growing each and every year. As this population grows, so does the number of senior citizens in need of constant care. Many are put into nursing homes instead of staying with family or receiving in-home care. The issue with this is that far too many nursing facilities do not give high quality care to residents. The goal of this study was to investigate what concerns are common at nursing homes and what can be done to resolve these problems. Based on research studies, articles, statistics, and informational websites, it was found that some of the most common challenges at nursing facilities are inadequate staffing, high turnover rate, abuse, neglect, medication errors, overuse of antipsychotics, and staff that are poorly trained in how to deal with mental impaired residents. There are several ways to alleviate these issues in order to improve quality of care. A large majority of solutions involve improving staff numbers, providing better staff training, and helping build trust between staff members.
  • Turnover in Public Accounting and its Effects on the Industry

    Gentry, Ashley
    There is a large turnover of employees in the public accounting firms in the United States. This research paper looks at the demographics of the employees that are leaving public accounting and what factors are causing them to leave the industry. It also looks at what kind of an effect this turnover has on the accounting industry. Research was gathered by reading past studies that have been done on this topic, as well as recent articles that have been published by credible sources. The demographics of the employees that are leaving are senior or management level and mostly women. Some of the factors that are causing employees to leave public accounting are the job description, the separation of goals between the firm and the employee, the work place culture, other career opportunities, the lack of work life flexibility, and overall stress and burnout of the job. This is having an effect on the accounting industry by causing a lack of diversity in the firms, as well as causing the firms to have to make policy changes in order to better retain their employees. This is an important study because the turnover rates in the accounting industry only continue to increase and accounting firms need to do something about it in their organizations.

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