• Changes in the Ideal Body Type

      Hoffman, Jessica L.
      The human body comes in all shapes and sizes. Each different body shape allows onlookers to evaluate at least some aspects of the subject’s lifestyle and priorities. All eras choose a body type that they exalt above the rest. The goal of this research is to evaluate the considered ideal body type from three different eras in order to better understand these time periods and their values. A compilation of books and journal articles were used from the Cunningham Memorial Library Database, the library itself, and other personal libraries to better understand this topic. The most pertinent question was what Sparta, Medieval Europe, and the 1920’s in the United States considered to be the ideal body type. From here a comparison between the time periods and their values was needed to understand why these ideal body styles differ so greatly. Lastly, a record of events that happened during each reign was needed so understand the external factors acting upon the choosing of the body styles. These findings can be used to deeper understand history, sociology, body image, and reproduction.
    • The Community Benefits of Arts and Culture Nonprofit Organizations

      Middleton, Elise
      The main goal of this thesis is to identify and analyze some of the community benefits of arts and culture nonprofit organizations. Oftentimes, people view these organizations as entertaining but frivolous. In reality, these organizations are vital for a community, and they deserve more support. In this thesis, I will specifically focus on the economic, social, and therapeutic benefits of these organizations. In order to analyze this subject, I read and analyzed a variety of scholarly resources. After conducting research, it is evident that supporting and investing in the arts is a smart economic decision for any community. They generate a great deal of economic activity and benefit other local businesses. In addition, arts organizations attract businesses, residents, and visitors to a community, and they improve the quality of life in the area. Also, art has many therapeutic effects, and art therapy organizations help those with physical disabilities or emotional challenges to boost their confidence, build a support system, and cope with their emotions. All of these benefits have a great impact on the community, and could have a positive influence on education, business, and health fields in the area. Therefore, arts and culture nonprofit organizations are a powerful force in a community, and they require the support and investment of their communities.
    • Comparing and Contrasting the Benefits of Aquatic Exercise with Other Forms of Exercise for the Elderly Population

      Shew, Katie
      As humans age, there are certain biological processes that are unavoidable. However, there are also some biological processes that may be avoidable or slowed through a healthy lifestyle. The following is a list of some common problems that can occur with aging.1(
    • Comparison of Data Protection Laws in the United States vs. the European Union

      Decker, Trey
      Data protection legislation is an area that has become more talked about in the current times in the United States. With the advent of the secret documents leaked by former intelligence analyst Edward Snowden, and the quick-to-follow data breaches of two major corporations, potentially affecting around 160 million Americans, the time to discuss and understand this topic is now. The in-depth understanding of US data protection laws present significant issues therein. There lie holes and fissures, as a matter of speaking, the framework that results in the lack of user protection. How then can these holes be mended, and what are the proposed solutions? In order to resolve this case, this research first understands another framework by which to compare the current US framework. When compared to the US framework, which pieces appear to be missing from the US? By analyzing the results and research of law professionals, the discovery is that the US could benefit from a cohesive law, which would protect the fundamental right of citizens to have private data protection and the proper representation. Additionally, there needs to exist, in the least, one organization which holds authority over individuals who breach this right; the EU refers to these as Independent Supervisory Authorities (ISAs). The implications of these findings highlight the urgency to provide this fundamental right to US citizens. Where the right to privacy fails is to say that there is a fundamental right to have that right protected.
    • Concussions related to Football

      Stephen, Jerry
      Concussions are a major problem in football. They cause short and long term problems. Much is known about the causes of concussions in football, little is yet known about how to truly really decrease the amount of concussions and the effects a concussion really has on an individual, I propose to look at efforts being put in remaking helmets, physiological effects on the brain, and the long term behavioral and emotional effects of concussions. There is an ongoing research to solve the concussion in football. Scientists are learning about the physiological effects on the brain and the long term emotion changes due to a concussion. Studies have shown a football hit is just like a car crash. They are trying to get as close as possible to a concussion proof helmet. Athletic trainers are getting away from the grading scale and trying all concussions as severe.
    • Creating Environmental Education for Children: Focusing on the Vigo County/Terre Haute Community

      Bilyeu, Jordanna
      This study is an attempt to create an action plan to improve environmental education for children within a community. It evaluates the reach and sophistication of this type of education that currently exists in the Vigo County/Terre Haute community, diagnoses weaknesses in the system, and finds ways to develop it. Data was collected through surveys given to elementary school teachers in Vigo County Public schools, interviewing community educators, making on-site visits to educational locations, online research, and speaking with political figures. Environmental education lacks sophistication in schools and can be improved through hands-on, sustainability standards and resources. Community sources outside of schools are limited to university organizations, city and county parks, and museums. The reach of these entities can be improved through advertisement, accessibility, and collaboration. Lastly, initiatives to change legislation can improve the reach and sophistication of environmental education through government-funded environmental programming.
    • Culture and Government in a Land of Conflict: An Analysis of Northern Ireland

      Starbuck, Emily
      The following thesis is an analysis of the rich and complex history of the state of Northern Ireland and its subsequent effects on government policy, cultural identification, and public opinion concerning the use of violence. I examined the historical precedents set into place which could explain the continued violence, political party orientation, and cultural evolution which is, even now, taking place as a result of the involvement of two very different populations. I provided evidence concerning current public opinion regarding the sectarian and paramilitary violence which plagued the state for hundreds of years and continues to occur, although much less frequently than in years past. Utilizing scholarly essays and reputable new sources, I have laid the foundation for a general analysis of the past few decades in the hopes of shedding more light on the currently shrouded present situation. It is my belief that, as a result of governmental cooperation, noteworthy but slight changes in cultural identification, and citizens who do not condone past, present, or future violence, there may well be a lasting peace in Northern Ireland.
    • Disney’s Female Gender Roles: The Change of Modern Culture

      Barber, McKenzie
      Disney Animation and their films are a huge part of the entertainment industry in America. They influence and reach children through many avenues, not just with movies, but through clothing, games, and toys. Disney has been around for over 80 years, and during that time, they have played a role in how society displays gender roles. As modern culture goes through changes, Disney can also be seen making changes in the way they represent their characters, especially females. While looking specifically at Disney princesses, the depiction of females and their gender roles can be described in at least one of three ways. One, the original portrayal of Disney princesses is the stereotypical damsel-in-distress, and very domestic. This can be seen through Snow White, Cinderella, and Sleeping Beauty. A second portrayal arose and shifted the roles of female characters to be seen as rebellious and ambitious. This picture can be seen through the characters of Ariel, Mulan, and Rapunzel. Lastly, a final shift has taken place and the female characters are portrayed as independent and free spirited. This type of depiction can be seen through seen through Merida, Anna and Elsa. Through different researches and literature reviews, including the movies themselves, Disney can be seen slowly making strides along with the surrounding culture and changing times in America.
    • Dream Job or Money Pit?

      Wilcox, Benjamin
      The path to becoming a lawyer, pilot, or a doctor is a very tough route no matter which profession one should choose. The purpose of this research paper is to determine if all the careers offer the same reward upon completion of education. Does one career earn significantly more money per dollar invested in education? The hope is that this paper will show these inconsistencies and increase awareness of the amount of debt students are piling on. The starting salary of a profession needs to be able to support the debt that must be accrued. Throughout this research paper, there will be a thorough analysis of three professions that will look at the time invested to obtain an education, the money invested, and the difficulty of obtaining the certification for that specific career path. This will show that each career is extremely difficult and thus should be rewarded as such. After this has been accomplished, I will discuss the starting salaries and compare this to the average debt obtained during education. It is my hope to show that some careers are financially much more viable than others, and this needs to be considered before entering the career field.
    • Due Process in Higher Education: A Study of Due Process in Relation to Greek Life Affairs

      Hollis, Brooklyn M.
      Fraternities have blazed headlines over the past several years due to incidents involving degrading and racist chants, private Facebook groups bragging about illicit behavior, and in several cases, allegations of sexual assault. This project serves to investigate the constitutional rights of Fraternities and Sororities during investigative and disciplinary procedures. A major concern that this project explores is whether organizations are protected under the 14th Amendment of the Constitution in university disciplinary procedures. This project provides a thorough discussion of the history of Greek organizations and their significance. It also conducts an exhaustive review of the 14th Amendment’s Due Process Clause and how it applies to universities through their established Student Code of Conduct1. This piece investigates Student Code of Conduct policies from sixteen college campuses in the Midwest to determine how sanctions are delivered to student organizations; half of the universities require student organizations to be punished in the same way as individual students. Three universities have separate policies or have clauses that determine how organizations should be punished. This project also provides an in-depth look into the growing trend of the Court system not finding the University to be responsible if they are sued as a result of an incident involving a Greek organizations.
    • E is for Early Intervention: The Importance of Early Intervention Services in Providing Better Outcomes for Children Who Have or Are at Risk for Having a Developmental Delay

      Schuster, Brianna
      The purpose of this paper is to analyze the effects that early intervention services have on children who have or are at risk for a developmental delay due to medical or environmental circumstances. Throughout this paper, the following research questions were used as means to guide and provide focus to the paper: Why are early intervention services important in the first few years of life? Who benefits from early intervention services and how are these children affected? and Does early intervention affect the individual long-term? By using a combination of research articles, scientific journals, and data collected from federal research studies regarding early childhood early intervention and the outcomes of children, this paper provides a comprehensive overview of why early intervention services are needed early in life and the true impact of early childhood intervention programs on the lives of children both at the time of intervention and across the lifespan.
    • The Effects of Music on Education and Early Literacy: An Insight on Defining Literacy and the Use of Music in the Classroom

      Hawkins, Lindsey
      The purpose of this essay is to examine the effects that music has on education and literacy, and to provide insight on how to go about using music in a classroom. First, the essay will define the word ‘literacy,’ and prove why this is important, and then describe how literacy is taught in a classroom using phonics. Then, it will take a look at how music affects the student brain, and how those effects are linked directly to the way students process reading, writing, and communication. Finally, this essay will look at the direct effects that music has on education and literacy, and how both music instruction and music integrated into a lesson correlate positively with student academic success. It will also take a moment to provide examples of how music can be effectively implemented in a traditional classroom setting. To conclude, the essay considers how this study affects other aspects of education such as the idea of extra-curricular activities, standardized testing, and students with disabilities.
    • The Effects of Nutrition Pertaining to Fitness and Health

      Swem, Daniel
      The current research is focused on how nutrition influences both fitness and health. It is important to understand the difference between the two terms. Fitness relates to a person’s ability to perform specific tasks whereas health is a condition of being free of disease or illness. Pertaining to fitness, this study primarily focuses on cardiovascular endurance, muscular strength, and body composition. (The other components of physical fitness are muscular endurance and flexibility). This research will attempt to answer some highly researched questions. How important is the timing of pre-exercise and post-exercise meals? What foods are beneficial for those seeking to improve cardiovascular endurance, muscular strength, and body composition? How does diet alone influence body composition, fat mass, and fat-free mass? The primary mode used to answer these questions will be investigation into relevant literature. Much research has already been conducted on these topics. The leading studies find an acute positive correlation to carbohydrate ingestion and improved cardiovascular endurance. Other studies have found that protein ingestion aids in the recovery of muscular strength exercises. Lastly, a reduction of carbohydrates, while not engaging in exercise, has been shown to improve body composition.
    • The Effects of Police Work on Family Life

      Spicer, Mercedes
      The job of a police officer is full of stressors, and these stressors can have an effect not only the police officer, but on the officer’s family as well. The main stressors police officers have to deal with are violence, time management, promotion, education, finances, and many different emotions. All of these stressors can lead to a disaster without proper treatment to diffuse the stress. Some ways that officers can get help is by having a religion, going to therapy, talking to a chaplain, and there are even several different ways that the spouse can help the officer dealing with stress.
    • Euthanasia: Is it Ethically and Morally Acceptable?

      Carmichael, Hannah
      All over the world, there is discussion being made about euthanasia and if it is ethically and morally acceptable. The opinions are different from state to state and country to country. These differences in opinions evolve from different religions, political forces, generations, genders, and social classes. Through literature review, an overview of euthanasia, along with the ethical dilemmas, the laws regarding euthanasia, and the financial outcomes of euthanasia will be presented. Findings suggest that there may never be a definitive answer to the ethics of euthanasia, but more discussion and research can lead to a more understanding of the positive and negative outcomes of euthanasia, which can ultimately lead to the legalization of euthanasia and allowing the terminally ill patients to decide their fate.
    • The Experience of College Football and Effects on the Player

      Dachota, Nicholas
      The objective of this thesis will be to analyze the experience of college football and the impacts it has on the player. The main research of this thesis will be to see how playing in college affects the athlete in three major areas of his life. The areas that will be discussed in this thesis will be how the athlete is affected physically, socially, and financially. This thesis will help show the public how much a single sport that athletes have been playing years in college. It truly takes control of their entire life in almost every facet of their lives. This will help show how the student-athlete is more than just a football player for the university but a valued commodity for their respective universities.
    • Exploring Parallels in the Bible, The Analects, and The Epic of Gilgamesh

      McFarling, Cassidy
      The primary aim of this thesis is to explore parallels in The Epic of Gilgamesh, The Analects, and the Bible. By tracking and describing seven different areas of resemblance, the research illustrates philosophical and narrative overlap. More importantly, an examination of the psychological and social forces behind such literature suggests that correspondence in wisdom literature reveals universal concerns and desires that transcend cultural boundary.
    • Financing Terrorism: A Look at the Past, Present, and Future of Defunding Terror Organizations

      Wasmund, Mitchell
      Terrorism is a major problem facing governments across the globe in the 21st century. Terror organizations, domestic and international, are complex and vary in structure as well as how they are financed. By using various governmental and journalistic resources, this paper will examine four different terror organizations in how they are operated and financed. It will focus on what are the current practices by law enforcement officials to stop the sources of terror organizations’ funds. This paper will also examine future areas of concern related to where terror organizations will receive their financing in the future. The impacts of economic stagnation and its effects on terror networks recruiting its members will be discussed. The key findings of this paper include how law enforcement should be vigilant in their current efforts to stem the funds of terror organizations. Law enforcement should also beware of terror organizations using human trafficking in the coming years as a source of funds. Lastly, the promotion of economic growth policies, banking transparency, and anti-money laundering tools should be accepted by policy makers in all countries where terrorism is a credible threat.
    • Global Competency Teaching Intercultural Communication and Creativity in Universities to Prepare Graduates For the Global Workforce

      Crawford, Cassidy
      Universities are leaving students vastly unprepared to succeed in the globalized workforce upon graduation, due to a lack of global competency. This article examines the use of intercultural communication and creativity as necessary resources for students to gain global competency. First, global competency is defined. Next, the need for intercultural communication and how this need can be met by universities is discussed in depth. Lastly, the same is done for creativity in the context of the real-world and education. Surveys and statics of employers, professors, and students are applied to this examination. Additionally, methods to integrate intercultural communication and creativity are discussed as well. Major findings reveal that, although challenging, implementing intercultural communication and creativity in universities is desirable and necessary for global competency and student preparedness.
    • The Health Benefits of the Mediterranean Diet

      Cleek, Kathryn
      This thesis is over the health benefits of the Mediterranean diet, what causes these increase in health benefits. In the introduction of this paper I discuss what the Mediterranean diet is, the history of the Mediterranean diet, who first demonstrated the diet, the physical activity differences in America and Europe, the portion size differences and the Ten Commandments of the diet. Each component of diet is important for understand how the diet works when comparing it to the health of those who demonstrate the diet.