• Lavender Oil: The New Sleep Aid

      Nichols, Audrey
      The purpose of this research paper is to discuss and evaluate the benefits of lavender oil within the general population and hospitalized patients. Specifically, this paper will look at aromatherapy use with lavender oil within the hospitalized population and it’s ability to better sleep quality within these patients. Sleep is a major factor in the boies ability to heal, and the hope of this research is to determine whether lavender oil would be an effective option for patients struggling with sleep disturbances during their hospital stay. In order to evaluate the effectiveness of lavender oil, previously conducted research articles and studies were used and review these potential benefits. After sixteen studies and articles were examined, it was determined that lavender oil shows statistical improvements in overall sleep quality and depth of sleep within the population. Because of these positive results, it is suggested that hospitals within the United States begin to offer lavender oil as an option for patients upon admission in order to better the overall patient experience.
    • Culture and Government in a Land of Conflict: An Analysis of Northern Ireland

      Starbuck, Emily
      The following thesis is an analysis of the rich and complex history of the state of Northern Ireland and its subsequent effects on government policy, cultural identification, and public opinion concerning the use of violence. I examined the historical precedents set into place which could explain the continued violence, political party orientation, and cultural evolution which is, even now, taking place as a result of the involvement of two very different populations. I provided evidence concerning current public opinion regarding the sectarian and paramilitary violence which plagued the state for hundreds of years and continues to occur, although much less frequently than in years past. Utilizing scholarly essays and reputable new sources, I have laid the foundation for a general analysis of the past few decades in the hopes of shedding more light on the currently shrouded present situation. It is my belief that, as a result of governmental cooperation, noteworthy but slight changes in cultural identification, and citizens who do not condone past, present, or future violence, there may well be a lasting peace in Northern Ireland.
    • Just as Aggressive Off-Field?: A Look at Football Player’s Aggression in Relation to Sexual Assault

      Sturgess, Emily
      Over the past several years, many athletes, football players in particular, have been accused of sexually violent acts. This article explores various aspects of an athlete’s life that could influence their decisions and potentially play a role in their choice to commit sexually violent acts. The four areas of research include biological makeup of an athlete, an athlete’s sense of entitlement, environmental factors and whether athletes are actually punished according to their crime. Research was conducted using previously published areas from a variety of fields including psychology, health, and racial and ethnic studies journals, as well as law reviews. Examples of such sexually violent acts are used from the past several years and include names such as Ray Rice and Jerry Sandusky. Ultimately, it was concluded that there is not one sole area of an athlete’s life that influences their decision to commit sexually violent acts, but rather several factors that could all potentially play a role. The article will also look at the behavior change model to present a proposed way at teaching athletes how to act off the field without using the aggression that they use on the field.
    • Hydroponics: Creating Food for Today and for Tomorrow

      McDonald, Beth
      In order to analyze how a plant growing technique, hydroponics is currently being utilized and to determine future possible implications for its usage exist I have examined research pertaining to this topic. From this research, I have selected information generated by several universities, a professor who is considered an authority on the subject, and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Despite there being a plethora of knowledge concerning hydroponics, this paper will cover information regarding the basics. For the survey of the literature, I focused on gathering information related to the history of hydroponics, to gain a better understanding of how it has been used in the past and how it could be used in the future. I also consider the various types of hydroponics. During the survey of the literature, there are three main questions that are considered: what are the various methods of growing vegetables with hydroponics as compared to traditional (soil), what is both the current and projected cost of hydroponics, and what is the public perception of hydroponics, if any, that would influence willingness to participate or support its usage. The results and findings of this paper are relevant for people in every country, and demonstrate that depending on the size of the operation, even people at home could create their own reliable source of food. As the human population is always increasing, it is the hope that this paper will elaborate on not only an effective, but viable option suitable to feeding people. Furthermore, it has implications as a potential avenue for growing food for space travel.
    • Euthanasia: Is it Ethically and Morally Acceptable?

      Carmichael, Hannah
      All over the world, there is discussion being made about euthanasia and if it is ethically and morally acceptable. The opinions are different from state to state and country to country. These differences in opinions evolve from different religions, political forces, generations, genders, and social classes. Through literature review, an overview of euthanasia, along with the ethical dilemmas, the laws regarding euthanasia, and the financial outcomes of euthanasia will be presented. Findings suggest that there may never be a definitive answer to the ethics of euthanasia, but more discussion and research can lead to a more understanding of the positive and negative outcomes of euthanasia, which can ultimately lead to the legalization of euthanasia and allowing the terminally ill patients to decide their fate.
    • Berry Exotic: Alternative Therapies

      Willimann, Marissa
      Exotic berries are beginning to be investigated for their preventative properties such as antioxidants, anti-inflammatory, and hypocholesterolaemic levels. Berries consisting of these factors have been shown to reduce the risk for cardiovascular complications, acute or chronic diseases and other metabolic disease processes. These natural remedies are used to create a more holistic approach to medicine. The question raised is if the natural antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties that acaí, maqui, and blackthorn berries produce are more effective, less effective, or have no effect compared to medications that can be used. Research shows that reduction of glucose, total cholesterol and low density lipoprotein (LDL) from these berries have a positive effect on cardiovascular health, reduction of disease and reduction of risk for diabetes in overweight persons. After initial studies, the benefits prove to be worth using the acaí berry in moderation in addition to a healthy lifestyle. This paper will investigate the properties that make up exotic berries, such as the acaí berry, and their effects on specific body systems to determine the benefits of supplementation compared to other antioxidant rich berries and multivitamins.
    • The Effects of Nutrition Pertaining to Fitness and Health

      Swem, Daniel
      The current research is focused on how nutrition influences both fitness and health. It is important to understand the difference between the two terms. Fitness relates to a person’s ability to perform specific tasks whereas health is a condition of being free of disease or illness. Pertaining to fitness, this study primarily focuses on cardiovascular endurance, muscular strength, and body composition. (The other components of physical fitness are muscular endurance and flexibility). This research will attempt to answer some highly researched questions. How important is the timing of pre-exercise and post-exercise meals? What foods are beneficial for those seeking to improve cardiovascular endurance, muscular strength, and body composition? How does diet alone influence body composition, fat mass, and fat-free mass? The primary mode used to answer these questions will be investigation into relevant literature. Much research has already been conducted on these topics. The leading studies find an acute positive correlation to carbohydrate ingestion and improved cardiovascular endurance. Other studies have found that protein ingestion aids in the recovery of muscular strength exercises. Lastly, a reduction of carbohydrates, while not engaging in exercise, has been shown to improve body composition.
    • The Men and Women Merely Players: Can Dramatherapy Can Help Those Who Need It Most?

      Underwood, Olivia
      Within the following work, we will discover the history, applications, and effectiveness of Dramatherapy, also called drama therapy. By looking at the origins of the ideas of both Psychodrama and Dramatherapy, we can see how far it has come and where it still needs to go. This information came from texts books, memoirs, and various articles. After that we will find how the efforts of Dramatherapists have paid off. By looking at specific case studies from the Americas and abroad, we can see the positive effects that using the traditions of theater as therapy. Across the board we see positive responses from patients suffering from ailments that include depression, terminal illness, stress, alienation, schizophrenia, and neurotrama. We will also see how the research techniques used in the field has an effect on the type of data produced and how that must change. The cases here found provide a brief look at the techniques used and how they affect the patients or subjects. Findings indicate that although Dramatherapy is effective, more data is need for the expansion of the field into more mainstream forms of therapy.
    • The Past, Present and Future of the English Language: How Has the English Language Changed and What Effects Are Going to Come as a Result of Texting?

      Tuttle, E. Carlene
      This paper outlines a brief historical synopsis of both language in general and the English language to set up a common knowledge baseline for the reader to understand references made regarding historical events. Next, the paper goes through common practices seen today within the realm of text messages, textisms, text speak, and the lingo used within these practices. Common practices within the technology based language and standardized English are analyzed to compare and contrast the two forms and to help answer the question of whether or not technology is harming the English language and its practices. Findings provide evidence that there are indeed similarities between the two forms and that there is a strong relation between informal spoken language and text speak. The final portion of the paper is devoted to the future of the language and how the language is developing. Interestingly enough, many of the practices used within text speak currently are very similar to that of ancient practices. There is also a look into academia along with looking at if and how the use of technology and the lingo that comes with it is affecting students and their literacy abilities. Results were varied and researchers found a hard time coming to a consensus but there were significant negative correlations along with positive correlations.
    • Concussions related to Football

      Stephen, Jerry
      Concussions are a major problem in football. They cause short and long term problems. Much is known about the causes of concussions in football, little is yet known about how to truly really decrease the amount of concussions and the effects a concussion really has on an individual, I propose to look at efforts being put in remaking helmets, physiological effects on the brain, and the long term behavioral and emotional effects of concussions. There is an ongoing research to solve the concussion in football. Scientists are learning about the physiological effects on the brain and the long term emotion changes due to a concussion. Studies have shown a football hit is just like a car crash. They are trying to get as close as possible to a concussion proof helmet. Athletic trainers are getting away from the grading scale and trying all concussions as severe.
    • Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement: A New Method for the Treatment of Aortic Valve Disease

      Sluyter, Erin E.
      As heart complications increase among the elderly population, transcatheter aortic valve replacement is a new procedure that can treat many aortic stenosis and congestive heart failure patients. Transcatheter aortic valve replacement is a common medical procedure across Europe; this investigates the possibility of the procedure’s adoption as common practice in the United States. Several factors have been identified as key components for adapting to this procedure. Medical institutions must update their catheterization labs and operating rooms as well as train all surgical staff members on the transcatheter valve technology and standard procedures. Intensive care unit and surgical recovery staff must also be adequately prepared to care for patients who undergo transcatheter aortic valve replacement. These changes by medical facilities could potentially allow a great expansion in the number and type of patients the facility is able to treat. Furthermore, patients who are eligible to undergo this surgery are shown to benefit in their post-surgery recovery time and in their overall health. Based on extensive research, medical professionals should be considering adoption of transcatheter aortic valve replacement as a common method for treatment of aortic valve disease.
    • Comparing and Contrasting the Benefits of Aquatic Exercise with Other Forms of Exercise for the Elderly Population

      Shew, Katie
      As humans age, there are certain biological processes that are unavoidable. However, there are also some biological processes that may be avoidable or slowed through a healthy lifestyle. The following is a list of some common problems that can occur with aging.1(
    • Turnover in Public Accounting and its Effects on the Industry

      Gentry, Ashley
      There is a large turnover of employees in the public accounting firms in the United States. This research paper looks at the demographics of the employees that are leaving public accounting and what factors are causing them to leave the industry. It also looks at what kind of an effect this turnover has on the accounting industry. Research was gathered by reading past studies that have been done on this topic, as well as recent articles that have been published by credible sources. The demographics of the employees that are leaving are senior or management level and mostly women. Some of the factors that are causing employees to leave public accounting are the job description, the separation of goals between the firm and the employee, the work place culture, other career opportunities, the lack of work life flexibility, and overall stress and burnout of the job. This is having an effect on the accounting industry by causing a lack of diversity in the firms, as well as causing the firms to have to make policy changes in order to better retain their employees. This is an important study because the turnover rates in the accounting industry only continue to increase and accounting firms need to do something about it in their organizations.
    • Human Resources’ Role in Avoiding Conflict in the Workplace

      Morris, Brad
      Psychologists have proven there are many causes of conflict; the vast majority of these causes can find their roots in displaced anger or a buildup of stress that leads to an unhealthy release, such as a display of hostility. Human Resource professionals are expected to find a way to limit, control, and eliminate these situations before they become a problem. Avoiding situations of work place conflict, especially violence is one of the most important duties for a corporation; these issues can be avoided by the Human Resource Department with relative ease by hiring the right people, as to ensure the development of a cohesive team, eliminating at work stressors through good management strategies, and by requiring personality tests to assess individuals’ fit within the organizations culture.
    • Melodious Marketing: The Intentions of Music in T.V. Commercials

      Reithel, Katelyn
      Whether intentional or not, music seems to be an important element in television commercials. This thesis will determine exactly how effective music is and if a company’s marketing team considers using music to reach a specific advertising goal. To do this, several areas are discussed including psychomusicology (the effects of music on a human’s responses) in relation to emotional response and memorability, music’s effect of brand attitude and purchasing intentions made by consumers, the use of jingles, effects of T.V. commercials on the music industry, and the challenges that may arise by using music in a T.V. commercial. Regardless of the positives or negatives, music does indeed play a role in the effectiveness of a T.V. commercial to consumers and is a consideration all companies must include when creating their T.V. commercials.
    • Financing Terrorism: A Look at the Past, Present, and Future of Defunding Terror Organizations

      Wasmund, Mitchell
      Terrorism is a major problem facing governments across the globe in the 21st century. Terror organizations, domestic and international, are complex and vary in structure as well as how they are financed. By using various governmental and journalistic resources, this paper will examine four different terror organizations in how they are operated and financed. It will focus on what are the current practices by law enforcement officials to stop the sources of terror organizations’ funds. This paper will also examine future areas of concern related to where terror organizations will receive their financing in the future. The impacts of economic stagnation and its effects on terror networks recruiting its members will be discussed. The key findings of this paper include how law enforcement should be vigilant in their current efforts to stem the funds of terror organizations. Law enforcement should also beware of terror organizations using human trafficking in the coming years as a source of funds. Lastly, the promotion of economic growth policies, banking transparency, and anti-money laundering tools should be accepted by policy makers in all countries where terrorism is a credible threat.
    • Thyroid Disorders

      Myers, Amanda
      Thyroid disorders are highly prevalent worldwide. In order to obtain a better understanding of these disorders research was done by analyzing current data and scholarly literature. Questions answered by this research comprise different aspects of thyroid disorders and their affects. What types of thyroid disorders exist? How do they affect the body and how detrimental are they when left untreated? How do these disorders affect the daily living of the individuals affected? And how are third world populations affected by these disorders? Research suggests that over 750 million people worldwide suffer from a thyroid disorder. These disorders have detrimental effects on the body’s functions and metabolism. When the human thyroid is interrupted a host of symptoms can occur. These symptoms make activities of daily living a challenge. Several treatments are available, the most common being supplementation of synthetic thyroid hormone. Research shows that countries in Africa suffer from a high prevalence of iodine deficiencies. Many of these deficiencies are left untreated and lead to premature death. The most cost effective treatment is supplementation of iodine in the daily diet of the populations through iodized salt. This supplementation could decrease the prevalence of these deficiencies if implemented. This thesis will investigate the causes, distribution and treatment of thyroid disorders.
    • How to Market Things That Are Harmful: An Exploration of Destructive Consumption and Consumer Behavior

      Hines, Jaylon
      This study focuses on why consumers choose to engage in destructive and harmful consumption and how it can possibly aid businesses that engage in the selling of products that align with this category of goods, ideas, and services. Desired outcomes from this information are for these organizations to have more precise target market strategies, be able to practice advertising more efficiently, and to understand what types of products and industries have a higher competitive advantage. In order to explore and provide this information, the four P’s of marketing, the marketing environment, and cognitive processes were examined along with a quantitative analysis of Indiana State University students in order to study a small sample of the entire U.S.A.’s population and explore relevant trends of the students’ destructive consumption. After analyzing the results within Microsoft Excel, important findings were that products that fulfill physiological and self-actualization needs are consumed the most, and that an individual’s sex does not affect the types of potentially harmful products that he or she may choose to consume.
    • Changes in the Ideal Body Type

      Hoffman, Jessica L.
      The human body comes in all shapes and sizes. Each different body shape allows onlookers to evaluate at least some aspects of the subject’s lifestyle and priorities. All eras choose a body type that they exalt above the rest. The goal of this research is to evaluate the considered ideal body type from three different eras in order to better understand these time periods and their values. A compilation of books and journal articles were used from the Cunningham Memorial Library Database, the library itself, and other personal libraries to better understand this topic. The most pertinent question was what Sparta, Medieval Europe, and the 1920’s in the United States considered to be the ideal body type. From here a comparison between the time periods and their values was needed to understand why these ideal body styles differ so greatly. Lastly, a record of events that happened during each reign was needed so understand the external factors acting upon the choosing of the body styles. These findings can be used to deeper understand history, sociology, body image, and reproduction.
    • The United States and Canadian System of Healthcare: A Comparative Study

      Akinlaja, Mopelola O.
      There is a lot to be said about the world of healthcare. The significance of the role our health plays in our lives cannot be overemphasized. The idea of this paper is to explore two of the largest and functional healthcare systems in the world. The purpose of this is because of some key differences between the systems of healthcare that are very important as they relate to the accessibility and availability of healthcare and also the quality of care that is received. The two countries being compared in this paper are the United States and Canada. These countries utilize systems of healthcare that were founded on similar principles, but that have diverged over time. The major conversation going on around the world is the fact that healthcare system in the United States needs some major adjustments. On this premise, I decided to investigate and conduct a comparative study between these two systems of healthcare. I am comparing these systems using three major criteria; the cost, the quality and the amount of funding and research these countries are involved in. After some research was conducted on my part, I came to the conclusions that healthcare is more expensive in the United States than in Canada, the quality of care produced in the United States is not necessarily better than in Canada but the United States is more advanced in technology and research and finally that the United States should consider adjusting their method of approaching healthcare to make it available to the entire population.