Now showing items 21-40 of 66

    • The Experience of College Football and Effects on the Player

      Dachota, Nicholas
      The objective of this thesis will be to analyze the experience of college football and the impacts it has on the player. The main research of this thesis will be to see how playing in college affects the athlete in three major areas of his life. The areas that will be discussed in this thesis will be how the athlete is affected physically, socially, and financially. This thesis will help show the public how much a single sport that athletes have been playing years in college. It truly takes control of their entire life in almost every facet of their lives. This will help show how the student-athlete is more than just a football player for the university but a valued commodity for their respective universities.
    • Nutrition and the Effects on Student Behavior and Academic Performance in the Classroom

      Daniel, Kaitlin
      Nutrition, behavior, and academic performance; these three words have a few commonalities. They each can be related to children. They each can be related to school and they each can be related to issues in education. The following research has found intriguing statistics that are useful when investigating or planning a classroom climate. It has always been said that breakfast is the most important meal of the day. It jumpstarts the metabolism and awakens he body. Along with this it helps curb the appetite before lunch. An early addition to school nutrition was the availability of breakfast before school. This was a benefit for students because it created less of a gap for those who did not have food at home and those that did. Behavior can be a trying issue in the classroom. Students who struggle with behavior are students who need extra help. There are many reasons that a student may struggle with negative behavior but, working 8 hours on school work on an empty stomach does not help the matters any. Hunger does not help with brain functionality or behavior. The studies cited provide evidence that while hunger and unhealthy eating habits are not the sole reason behind poor behavior and negative academic performance it does not help the matter either. Studies showed that students who were hungry or did not have adequate nutrition struggled greater at focusing and on short term recall than those students who were well nourished. By completing a search and literature review there was an outstanding amount of data and statistics to base a sound outcome.
    • Acidic and Basic Destruction of Tissues

      Eaton, Cydney
      A coroner’s case I had learned about involved a man attempting to dispose of a body with acid. Shortly after exposure, the man was apprehended and the body was located. Upon investigation, police force determined the acid used to be hydrochloric acid, however, exact concentration remains unknown (Kohr, 2010). This led to the question of which easily accessible acid works best to degrade tissue. To answer this, an experiment was conducted involving pig feet and various concentrations of common acids and a single strong base. The feet were submerged in the solutions overnight and mass percent lost or gained was calculated. Analysis showed that hydrochloric acid did, in fact, destroy the tissue the most, but at its highest concentration. This proved our hypothesis of nitric acid degrading the tissues the most to be incorrect. The acid used by the perpetrator was most likely at a concentration between 6 and 12 M. More acid as well as a larger container would have proved him to be more successful.
    • Therapeutic Exercises: A Conservative Approach To The Treatment Of Chronic Low Back Pain

      England, Austin
      Chronic low back pain is becoming a worldwide epidemic; millions suffer from this condition every year. Back pain is one of the most frequent reasons cited for patient visits every year. It is the second most reason for days of missed work following the flu. Chronic low back pain is defined as pain persisting in the low back region for greater than three months. This pain may originate from a variety of factors. These factors can include, but are not limited to injury, disease, or different stressors on the body. Pain in the low back region may be felt as sharp, dull, achy, burning, specific, or vague. Due to the complex nature of chronic low back pain and the variety of forms in which it can take place there are a variety of different tools used to diagnose it. Research has determined the best ways to diagnose chronic low back pain, but has still not found the best way to treat chronic low back pain. This literature review will analyze one treatment form for chronic low back pain, therapeutic exercises. The following text states that therapeutic exercises are an effective conservative treatment option for chronic low back pain. The most effective therapeutic exercise approach is one that incorporates exercises from several different methods into the rehabilitation plan.
    • The Importance of Being Proactive: Suicide Clusters, Prevention Programs, and Postvention Methods in the High School Setting

      Farmer, Lindsay
      The purpose of this paper is to explain the phenomenon of suicide clustering and suicide contagion in relation to teenagers and the education system and to provide detailed recommendations for both the prevention and postvention of youth suicide in the school system. Due to the prevalence of mental health issues in teenagers, especially depression, it is important for educators to be aware of the risks of youth suicide attempts and completion, as well as the inherent dangers of clustering that may occur. The phenomenon of suicide clustering will be explained, including the methods by which clustering occurs, as well as the risks schools face when a student commits suicide because of the increased chance of a suicide cluster. The common risks and warning signs of suicides, contagion, and clustering will be discussed. Additionally, the risks associated with LGBT and special needs youth will be analyzed in order to suggest proper prevention training for educators of these students. Furthermore, an extensive, threefold prevention program and curriculum that includes school personnel, students, and parents will be analyzed and recommended. Moreover, the use of school-wide risk assessment, a relatively new concept in suicide prevention and intervention, will be explored and recommended. Also, postvention efforts—including the roles of the school corporation and the dangers of glamorizing teen suicide—will be suggested to minimize the risk of contagion and clustering. All of this will be completed through literature review and data collection from peer-reviewed journal articles.
    • Issues within Nursing Facilities Involving Quality of Care for the Elderly

      Fluhr, Kendal
      The elderly population in the U.S. is growing each and every year. As this population grows, so does the number of senior citizens in need of constant care. Many are put into nursing homes instead of staying with family or receiving in-home care. The issue with this is that far too many nursing facilities do not give high quality care to residents. The goal of this study was to investigate what concerns are common at nursing homes and what can be done to resolve these problems. Based on research studies, articles, statistics, and informational websites, it was found that some of the most common challenges at nursing facilities are inadequate staffing, high turnover rate, abuse, neglect, medication errors, overuse of antipsychotics, and staff that are poorly trained in how to deal with mental impaired residents. There are several ways to alleviate these issues in order to improve quality of care. A large majority of solutions involve improving staff numbers, providing better staff training, and helping build trust between staff members.
    • Turnover in Public Accounting and its Effects on the Industry

      Gentry, Ashley
      There is a large turnover of employees in the public accounting firms in the United States. This research paper looks at the demographics of the employees that are leaving public accounting and what factors are causing them to leave the industry. It also looks at what kind of an effect this turnover has on the accounting industry. Research was gathered by reading past studies that have been done on this topic, as well as recent articles that have been published by credible sources. The demographics of the employees that are leaving are senior or management level and mostly women. Some of the factors that are causing employees to leave public accounting are the job description, the separation of goals between the firm and the employee, the work place culture, other career opportunities, the lack of work life flexibility, and overall stress and burnout of the job. This is having an effect on the accounting industry by causing a lack of diversity in the firms, as well as causing the firms to have to make policy changes in order to better retain their employees. This is an important study because the turnover rates in the accounting industry only continue to increase and accounting firms need to do something about it in their organizations.
    • The Mediterranean Diet: Could Obese America Eat its Way to a Longer Life?

      Gillenwater, Jordan
      The Mediterranean Diet (MD) is a long-standing form of nutrition that may be partially responsible for the long life-expectancy of European Mediterranean countries. If this diet is capable of increasing longevity, it may be worthy of integration into U.S. culture. This study uses literature to explore the effects of the MD on disease prevention, as avoidance of potentially lethal, non-communicable disease could increase longevity. Nationally prevalent diseases were studied, including obesity, type II diabetes, and COPD, among others. Results indicate that the diet has been linked to lower risk for development of a wide variety of diseases, thus indicating it could lengthen American life expectancy, making it a concern for the governmental, economic, and public health sectors. Some challenges of integration of the MD in U.S. culture were explored in literature. Major obstacles include financial limitations for economically distressed individuals, lack of accessibility, and clashing cultural barriers on diet style. Solutions were investigated and include SNAP reform to lessen financial stress, elimination of food deserts through the “Let’s Move!” campaign, and education of the public sector about the MD. Many challenges exist as barriers for the adoption of the diet in the U.S., and successful integration will require local and federal efforts. While integration will not be easy, significant changes in the future could allow the diet to become a part of U.S. culture. The MD could provide the increasingly obese United States with an opportunity to eat its way to a longer, healthier life.
    • The Role of Mentoring Programs

      Haack, Ashley
      The prevention of delinquency and rehabilitation of delinquent youth has been discussed, researched, and attempted over and over again, yet more and more youth seem to be entering the justice system or returning to it. This study aims to look at prevention and rehabilitation using a different lens, the lens of social connection. In my research, I have found that positive social connection is not only helpful in the development of individuals, but is also a crucial part of one’s identity and one’s future. In order to not only hypothesize, but also to apply these findings, I also researched mentoring programs and the impact they can have on the prevention of and rehabilitation from delinquency when quality relationships are built. I found that mentoring programs may be a beneficial starting place and have improved academic performance and self-confidence and moderately reduced deviant behavior such as drug use and crime. However, research also indicates that mentoring programs are only slightly helpful overall, and that changes and improvements may need to happen in order for mentoring programs to have a stronger, more lasting impact.
    • The Effects of Music on Education and Early Literacy: An Insight on Defining Literacy and the Use of Music in the Classroom

      Hawkins, Lindsey
      The purpose of this essay is to examine the effects that music has on education and literacy, and to provide insight on how to go about using music in a classroom. First, the essay will define the word ‘literacy,’ and prove why this is important, and then describe how literacy is taught in a classroom using phonics. Then, it will take a look at how music affects the student brain, and how those effects are linked directly to the way students process reading, writing, and communication. Finally, this essay will look at the direct effects that music has on education and literacy, and how both music instruction and music integrated into a lesson correlate positively with student academic success. It will also take a moment to provide examples of how music can be effectively implemented in a traditional classroom setting. To conclude, the essay considers how this study affects other aspects of education such as the idea of extra-curricular activities, standardized testing, and students with disabilities.
    • No Child Left Behind: Fair and Equal Education

      Hayes, Dania
      Education is a big part of every American citizen’s life because by law, we are all required to attend school till at least the age of sixteen(Bush). Education is a way in which to get better jobs and better access within society. Within the United States, taxpayers are required to support education by funding the public school system. Education is knowledge. Knowledge is power and for all these reasons, No Child Left Behind should be of importance to every student capable of understanding it, every parent with school age children, and every new or old teacher. No Child Left Behind has raised many questions and issues. Educators, government officials, and scholars have been working since the start of the law to figure out the answers. There are many problems with No Child Left Behind. For one, the law requires all students to meet the same standards when realistically due to finances, resources, and disabilities all students cannot meet the same standards. It has also proven very hard for researchers to empirically test the performance of No Child Left Behind because prior to the law there were not many schools who had accountability standards like those and so there is nothing to test it against. Over the last ten years testing has gotten a little bit better but is still concentrated in elementary education and not secondary education. No Child Left Behind was a new, revolutionary education reform law that had the potential to produce good results through it’s good motives, but fell short because there was too much focus on only two subject areas, math and reading, standardized tests, and the accountability of teachers. There was not enough focus on the children and how the new plan may affect them.
    • How to Market Things That Are Harmful: An Exploration of Destructive Consumption and Consumer Behavior

      Hines, Jaylon
      This study focuses on why consumers choose to engage in destructive and harmful consumption and how it can possibly aid businesses that engage in the selling of products that align with this category of goods, ideas, and services. Desired outcomes from this information are for these organizations to have more precise target market strategies, be able to practice advertising more efficiently, and to understand what types of products and industries have a higher competitive advantage. In order to explore and provide this information, the four P’s of marketing, the marketing environment, and cognitive processes were examined along with a quantitative analysis of Indiana State University students in order to study a small sample of the entire U.S.A.’s population and explore relevant trends of the students’ destructive consumption. After analyzing the results within Microsoft Excel, important findings were that products that fulfill physiological and self-actualization needs are consumed the most, and that an individual’s sex does not affect the types of potentially harmful products that he or she may choose to consume.
    • Changes in the Ideal Body Type

      Hoffman, Jessica L.
      The human body comes in all shapes and sizes. Each different body shape allows onlookers to evaluate at least some aspects of the subject’s lifestyle and priorities. All eras choose a body type that they exalt above the rest. The goal of this research is to evaluate the considered ideal body type from three different eras in order to better understand these time periods and their values. A compilation of books and journal articles were used from the Cunningham Memorial Library Database, the library itself, and other personal libraries to better understand this topic. The most pertinent question was what Sparta, Medieval Europe, and the 1920’s in the United States considered to be the ideal body type. From here a comparison between the time periods and their values was needed to understand why these ideal body styles differ so greatly. Lastly, a record of events that happened during each reign was needed so understand the external factors acting upon the choosing of the body styles. These findings can be used to deeper understand history, sociology, body image, and reproduction.
    • Due Process in Higher Education: A Study of Due Process in Relation to Greek Life Affairs

      Hollis, Brooklyn M.
      Fraternities have blazed headlines over the past several years due to incidents involving degrading and racist chants, private Facebook groups bragging about illicit behavior, and in several cases, allegations of sexual assault. This project serves to investigate the constitutional rights of Fraternities and Sororities during investigative and disciplinary procedures. A major concern that this project explores is whether organizations are protected under the 14th Amendment of the Constitution in university disciplinary procedures. This project provides a thorough discussion of the history of Greek organizations and their significance. It also conducts an exhaustive review of the 14th Amendment’s Due Process Clause and how it applies to universities through their established Student Code of Conduct1. This piece investigates Student Code of Conduct policies from sixteen college campuses in the Midwest to determine how sanctions are delivered to student organizations; half of the universities require student organizations to be punished in the same way as individual students. Three universities have separate policies or have clauses that determine how organizations should be punished. This project also provides an in-depth look into the growing trend of the Court system not finding the University to be responsible if they are sued as a result of an incident involving a Greek organizations.
    • Illegal Recruitment: A Self-Implosion and Corruption of the NCAA

      Jewell, Andrew
      Today’s high school/amateur athletes continue to get bigger, faster and stronger with every collegiate recruiting class. It would be easy to assume with more and more athletes having this type of ability that colleges would be on a more level playing field. That assumption is terribly wrong. The death penalty/capital punishment as defined by the Merriam-Webster Dictionary can be defined in short as: being sentenced to execution by a court of law for crimes committed (Capital Punishment). In collegiate sports, the death penalty has been enacted once and only once because of the ramifications that it had on the program. Why was the program given such a harsh penalty? Two words: illegal recruitment. Illegal recruitment, in short, can be defined by the NCAA (National Collegiate Athletic Association) as athletes receiving improper benefits from colleges, boosters (wealthy alumni donors to the university) or coaches to influence potential athletes to come and play for their respective athletic teams. Another thing destroying the NCAA are professional sports agents and scouts for professional sports teams. They continue to convince these young athletes to become a professional athlete at younger and younger ages. In this world money talks and when an agent or scout puts money in front of these young athletes’ faces, it is very often hard for them to turn it down. Often, these athletes do not come from the best situations, so they want to provide their respective families with the lives they have always wanted. Part of the NCAA’s mission statement is to provide fair opportunities to all athletes at all levels and illegal recruitment, as well as professional scouts and agents, are contributing to a tear down of not only a destruction of the NCAA’s mission but also selfimplosion of the NCAA as well. With student- athletes wanting more, it gives these boosters, scouts and agents giving these illegal gifts, that support bigger universities, more opportunities to recruit high profile athletes with ease, which is giving smaller colleges and universities no chance to compete (especially at the division one level) and is causing corruption in the NCAA and is not keeping the playing field level.
    • The Role of Technology in Elementary Schools How has technology taken over?

      Kersey, Alyssa
      Starting in kindergarten, at the age of five, children are beginning to learn with technological gadgets such as iPads and computers. Society today continuously brings technology into as many aspects of life as possible, even in the elementary schools. Educators need to be aware of this rapidly changing culture to keep up with the times as well as their students. Teachers can integrate this technology into their curriculum to help enhance and differentiate learning for their students. Methodologies used in conducting research on this topic consisted of online journals, books, and a survey written up and handed out to actual elementary aged students from ages nine to twelve. The surveys were conducted at a local school in Terre Haute, Indiana with the Title I label. One hundred students completed the surveys for real life feedback of their own technological usage at home and what resources are available to the students in the community. The goal of the conducted research was to determine whether or not the amount of technology in the elementary school classroom benefited the students learning. While gathering data and collecting information, the results all pointed to the success of student learning with hi-tech equipment. Advanced levels of technology used in the classroom correlates to the student success rate along with how successful the child will be. Teachers use laptops and iPads with applications to teach and have their students submit work. However, not all communities have the funds to afford these whimsical tools for their students. The school corporations with higher poverty rates along with the children living in the district are deprived the access of new technology. Educators continuously need to find new and improved ways to incorporate technology into their curriculum to keep their students up with the rest of the nation. Research shows that students with the access to more technology have a higher success rate.
    • Illicit Drugs: Should they be legalized? Can technology and regulation make them safer?

      Ketcham III, Max Lee
      For many years America has been the leading force in substance prohibition. Many countries blindly follow the USA in an attempt to earn their respect. As a result, very few countries actually know what uses these illicit substances have; before it ever reached the hands of the right people, the wrong people take it, use it incorrectly, and leave a bad name on that substance forever. If people could slander a substance, America would end up being found the main conspirator in the slanderous lies and misconceptions! This study has been done in an attempt to clear the name of most illicit drugs to pave a path towards legalization. This path will require tumultuous amounts of research, experimentation, and education. Once that path is complete, a marked path should begin continuing education to the public and beginning regulation and sale of all illicit drugs.
    • The Physiological Effects and Projected Outcomes of Urbanization and Pollution on Reptiles

      Lockman, Dale Rodney
      Research regarding urbanization and its relationship with population fluctuations and physiological responses in animals has been assessed through a multitude of studies involving stress hormone changes, white blood cell counts and other physical and behavioral changes. The scope of this paper emphasizes the explanation of urbanization, the physiological and anatomical impact it has made on reptiles, and the projected outcomes urbanization will have in the future. Some questions are brought up in this paper to serve as a basic overview of what will be learned about urbanization and pollution. In order to provide background information, my research has been conducted and many studies were summarized. Even though there have been studies done that provide an overview for this topic, there should be future research conducted to determine exact ways urbanization can be limited to help protect the class of reptiles, along with all living organisms, from the harmful effects of urbanization and pollution.
    • Multiple Sclerosis and the Benefits of Exercise

      Lovelace, Sydney P
      In this report, the effects that exercise has on multiple sclerosis are presented. Types, symptoms, and treatment options are described in order to give a clear understanding of the disease. The modes of exercise and the benefits that each mode holds will be explained and applied to the life of one living with multiple sclerosis. There will more attention toward resistance exercise, yoga, and tai chi as forms of exercise. Along with the benefits, the ways that poor posture and balance will be identified. With this information, the reader will gain an understanding about how identifying issues in posture and balance can lead to easier exercise prescription. Multiple studies and research have been conducted in order to further explain how exercise will impact a person living with MS. With this research, new forms of exercise, such as tai-chi, have surfaced and provided benefits to those living with MS. Also, there is data presented on topics such as the use of a force platform to identify balance control, pre and post-test scores for tai-chi intervention, and how a flight-time camera works. All of this information leads to the main idea of the thesis, which is that exercise has a positive effect on multiple sclerosis patients and could potentially slow down the progression of the disease.
    • Hydroponics: Creating Food for Today and for Tomorrow

      McDonald, Beth
      In order to analyze how a plant growing technique, hydroponics is currently being utilized and to determine future possible implications for its usage exist I have examined research pertaining to this topic. From this research, I have selected information generated by several universities, a professor who is considered an authority on the subject, and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Despite there being a plethora of knowledge concerning hydroponics, this paper will cover information regarding the basics. For the survey of the literature, I focused on gathering information related to the history of hydroponics, to gain a better understanding of how it has been used in the past and how it could be used in the future. I also consider the various types of hydroponics. During the survey of the literature, there are three main questions that are considered: what are the various methods of growing vegetables with hydroponics as compared to traditional (soil), what is both the current and projected cost of hydroponics, and what is the public perception of hydroponics, if any, that would influence willingness to participate or support its usage. The results and findings of this paper are relevant for people in every country, and demonstrate that depending on the size of the operation, even people at home could create their own reliable source of food. As the human population is always increasing, it is the hope that this paper will elaborate on not only an effective, but viable option suitable to feeding people. Furthermore, it has implications as a potential avenue for growing food for space travel.