• A study in the facilitation of pupil adjustment

      Jenkins, Nelle N. (2013-03-05)
      Not available.
    • A Study of Selection, Training, and Host Country Cultural Adaptation Experiences of Expatriate Faculty from United States AASCU Universities

      Fenton, Mark Gabriel
      Literature addressing selection, cross-cultural training and determinants of a successful or failed expatriate experience is extensive for those in business, but there is little research on these topics for professional academics. This research expands the understanding of why academics expatriate, how they were selected, what their perceptions of a successful experience are, what pre-departure cultural training they received, and what factors may have been difficult. Expatriates are professionals who live and work in a foreign country. This status study of male and female faculty from two AASCU universities expands knowledge on academic expatriation. The response rate was 54%. Independent sample t-tests were used to analyze data with gender as the grouping variable. There was no institutional requirement for expatriation, but it is encouraged. Reasons for expatriation were the experience, conduct research and teach. Business and academia look to expand internationally. While academia seeks to attract a more diverse student and faculty base, business may be seeking quicker access to raw materials, labor and markets. Traveling spouses had fewer difficulties adapting to a host culture than children. Few academics received cross cultural training. It is recommended a formal selection instrument be designed specifically for academics. Training programs should include cultural differences, cultural adaptation, and professional expectations. Additional study of success and failure factors such as living conditions, host cultures and formal training is recommended. As universities continue to grow faculty and student exchange programs, training needs to grow in ways to support expatriation, cultural understanding and the goal of a successful expatriate experience.
    • Experiences and coping among female caseworkers at women's shelters:A qualitative study.

      Wu, H.Norene (2012-05-16)
      In-depth individual interviews were conducted with 12 peer-referred participants to gain information on work experiences and coping strategies are explored. A conceptual framework for experiences and coping among shelter caseworkers emerged consisting of work motivation, experiences, and coping. The themes that structure this framework are discussed in detail. Unique findings include the benefits of gradual exposure to IPV work, issues related to addressing spirituality in service provision, a symptom development timeframe, and a wider range of shelter experiences and coping strategies. Implications for caseworkers, shelter administrators, and mental health service providers are suggested. Recommendations for conducting future research with shelter caseworkers are proposed.
    • Life stress, adjustment, and religious support in African Americans.

      Maddux, Jemour A (2012-04-25)
      The paper sought to extend the work on religious coping in African Americans by exploring the religious moderators of the relationship between stress and adjustment between cultures. Specifically, the goal of the present investigation was to identify whether the buffering effects of religious moderators (i.e., religious coping and religious support) on the relationship between stress and adjustment varied by race. Many studies on African Americans supports that social and individualistic coping styles are respectively predictors of positive and negative adjustment. Results partially supported that religious support in African Americans was a better predictor of adjustment than religious coping. Overall, this was true for alcoholrelated variables, but not for well-being variables. Results provided much stronger support for the predicted moderating effect of religious support on the relationship between stress and adjustment in African Americans. Religious coping failed to moderate this relationship, and no significant buffering effects were found for religious coping or religious support in Whites. This is one of the study's strongest findings. Overall, results were consistent with Agnew's (1992) general strain theory. Alternative explanations for why hypothesis were, or were not supported are offered.
    • Post-Arrival Performance Interventions That Assist Expatriates’ Adjustment and Performance

      Wood, Evan D.
      This research examined the relationship between post-arrival performance interventions and the adjustment and performance of North American expatriates working and living in Hong Kong. The focus was on an integrated view of multiple post-arrival performance interventions in order to examine their combined impact. This research provides information to organizations regarding strategies to improve the adjustment and performance of expatriates. A multivariate design was used to describe the dynamics underlying the dimensions of adjustment and performance by indicating which interventions in combination might be more strongly associated with adjustment and performance. A questionnaire comprised of several existing constructs derived from the extant literature was developed and administered to those listed in the 2009/2010 American Chamber of Commerce Hong Kong membership directory. The interventions examined were integrated cross-cultural training, mentoring, role ambiguity, spouse and family support, and compensation. Four different multiple regression models were developed. The final general adjustment regression model showed a relationship with spouse and family support and role ambiguity. The final interaction adjustment regression model showed a relationship with role ambiguity, spouse and family support, compensation, and the control variable language fluency. The final work adjustment regression model showed a relationship with integrated cross-cultural training, mentoring, role ambiguity, spouse and family support, and compensation. Lastly, the final performance regression model showed a relationship with integrated cross-cultural training, mentoring, role ambiguity, spouse and family support, compensation, and language fluency. The results suggest the importance of multi-national corporations to consider post-arrival performance interventions in addition to pre-departure interventions. Specifically, two primary areas emerged with high significance. First, reducing role ambiguity has a significant relationship with all three adjustment constructs and performance. Second, the findings lend support to the concept of organizations providing additional support to the spouse and family as a means of increasing adjustment and performance of expatriates.