• Diagnosing borderline personality disorder:the effect of therapist's negative emotional reactions on diagnostic judgements.

      Mayo, Keith (2012-05-09)
      Previous studies suggest that clinicians are prone to bias in diagnosing Borderline Personality Disorder(BPD)and that BPD symptoms elicit negative emotional reactions(NER)from clinicians.However,no studies have specifically examined the effect of NER on the diagnosis of BPD.This study examined the decision-making processes used when assigning a diagnosis of BPD,specifically,whether clinicians NER towards patients exhibiting BPD symptoms bias decision-making and result in misuse of the BPD diagnosis.A randomly-selected national sample of 98 licensed psychologists completed an Internet survey in which they read two case vignettes that were designed to elicit NER but were below threshold for a diagnosis of BPD.Participants rated the representatives of a series of Axis I and II diagnosis and rated their level of confidence;rated severity,prognosis,and the likelihood of the individual in the case benefiting from treatment;and rated the applicability of a series of symptoms for the case(including each of the DSM-IV criteria for BPD).They then rated the degree of NER felt toward the patient using two subscales of the Impact Message Inventory(IMI).Results provided moderate support for the prediction that participants who report higher levels of NER wold be more likely to diagnose BPD,would assign higher BPD representativeness ratings, and would rate the prognosis and likelihood of response to treatment lower.Predictions concerning the moderating effects of clinician variables(years of clinical experience,percentage of time spent in direct patient contact) were not supported,but clinician gender had significant effects on the diagnosis of BPD.The hypothesis that clinicians who were asked to assign diagnosis before rating symptoms(i.e a stimulated prototype approach)would be more prone to over-diagnosis of BPD was also not supported,but order of the cases had unexpected effects on the results.Implications for clinical training and directions for future research are discussed.
    • Comparitive life histories of some species of redhorse,subgenus moxostoma,genus Moxostoma

      Brown, Barbara A (2012-05-09)
      Three species of Moxostoma(M.anisurum,the silver redhorse;M.Erythrurum,the golden redhorse;M.duquesnei,the black redhorse) were examined in order to characterize them as they occur in Otter and Brouillettes Creeks in Vigo County,Indiana and to qualify differences between them in habitat,food habits and morphology.Low numbers of captures of Moxostoma made habitat evaluation difficult.The three species co-occurred in both creeks.Temporal differences in occurrence of redhorses in the creeks were observed.Redhorses were captured with low frequency before August of both years.Golden redhorses were captured in higher numbers than the other species.Moxostoma duquesnei was the least common.The species exhibited similar food habits.Insect larvae,especially chironomids,were found in the highest volume and frequency in all three species.Copepods were the second most important items of both M.anisurum and M erythururum,while the item second in abundance in M.duquesnei was insect pupae.Age 0 fish varied significantly in % volume insect larvae consumed between M.erythrurum(63.9% vol) and M.duquesnei(79.4% vol) and M.erythrurum and M.anisurum(76.2% vol).Similar results occurred in % volume of copepods eaten(M.erythrurum=21.3% vol;M.duquesnei = 4.6% vol;M.anisurum = 15.8% vol).Detailed morphological data were collected from each species.No differences were seen between the sexes.Age classes were compared by ANOVA and Discriminant Function Analysis.Individuals of silver and black redhorses could be identified to age class 100% of the time.Golden redhorses could be correctly aged only 90% of the time due to difficulty in separating older fish.The shape of the lower lips was the best character for dsicriminating among the three species.Moxostoma anisurum was charcaterized by a very acute angle formed by the meeting of the halves of the lower lips,Moxostoma erythrurum by an obtuse angle of aprroximately 140 degrees,and M.duquesnei by an angle of 180 degrees.Only a single specimen of M.erythrurum was difficult to identify using this character.Other characters used exhibited much overlap among the species.
    • The effects of supportive interventions on first-year teacher efficacy.

      Johnson, Li-Yen K. (2012-05-09)
      Purpose of study:The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of supportive interventions on first-year teacher efficacy.Two Rand Studies(1976 & 1977)and a study by Kilgore and Kozisek(1989)provided the theoretical framework for this investigation.Procedures:One hundred and fourty-four first-year teachers in the Indianapolis Public Schools received a questionnaire to participate in this study.Ninety-five teachers responded to the questionnaire.The response rate for the teacher questionnaires was 66%.The questionnaire was divided into five parts.The first part measured teacher efficacy.This was determined by answers given to questions regarding the confidence level of first-year teachers in areas such as classroom discipline,instruction,assessment,and public relations.The second part measured teacher support from peeople other than the mentor.This was a measure of school climate.The third part measured instructional guidance.Instructional guidance was defined as the feedback given to teachers on their performance.The fourth part was a measure of principal support.Teachers rated how often each of fifteen behaviors was associated with principals.The fifteen behaviors included discussion on district and school policies,classroom observation,invitations to school gatherings,suggestions on assessment,assistance with teaching strategies,demonstration of lessons,assistance with administrative paperwork,encouragement to attend professional development activities,and assistance with classroom management.The fifth part was a measure of mentor support.Teachers again rated how often each of same fifteen behaviors was associated with mentoring.Demongraphic data were collected,analysed and reported.Descriptive data were tabulated and analyzed to determine whether mentor support,teacher support,principal support,and instructional guidance had an effect on first-year teacher efficacy.Findings:Four hypotheses were tested in this research project.Statistical analysis included descriptive statistics,Pearson correlation,and regression analysis.The building Environment or climate(support),instructional guidance,and principal support had an effect on teacher efficacy.There were significant relationships found between efficacy and suppport,instructional guidance,and principal support.However,there was not a significant relationship found between efficacy and mentoring.This information suggests that mentoring support cannot increase first-year teacher efficacy and teacher efficacy is related to the building climate(teacher support),instructional guidance,and principal support.Furthermore,aditional item correlation analysis reveals that a sense of accomplishment,job satisfaction,and sufficient materials do significantly impact first-year teacher efficacy.The results of this study should be of interest to both district and school level administrators.Since teacher efficacy is related to teacher retention and student achievement,district and school level administrators should make every effort to create a professional environment that values collegiality and positive school climate.
    • The use of thermal infrared multispectral scanner data for geochronologic mapping of the cima volcanic field,san bernardino,california

      2012-05-09
      The use of the Thermal Infrared Multispectral Scanner(TIMS)as a tool for geologic mapping of a portion of the Cima Volcanic Field,San Bernardino County,California was investigated.TIMS data received from the Jet Propulsion Laboratory were reformatted and analyzed in the LARSFRIS computer processing environment at the Indiana State University Remote Sensing Laboratory.Classifications of the Cima Field lava flows were produced from three data sets derived from the raw TIMS data(radiance,emissivity,decorrelation stretch).Earlier chemical analyses have shown that Tertiary lava flows are consistency higher in bulk silica than the Quaternary lava flows.It was hypothesized that the TIMS system would be able to identify this trend and thus be a good tool for geologic mapping in the Cima Field area.The classifications were analysed in order to understand the nature of the information contained in each of the data sets.Classifications suing each of the original data sets along with classifications formed from combinations of the three original data sets were produced in an attempt to best differentiate features of interest in the Cima Volcanic Field study area.The best classification produced allows an analyst to discriminate the Tertiary lava flows from the Quaternary lava flows with acceptable accuracy.It also allowed the discrimination between the Quaternary lava flows through the use of textures created by the mixing of colors in the image product.This classification corresponded well to the existing geologic maps of the Cima Field Study area.The best classification did not prove to be the one using all of the available information but rather utilizing all of the radiance and emissivity bands and band 1 of the decorrelation stretch data set.Bands 2 and 3 of the decorrelation stretch data set tended to amplify geomorphic and scanner noise,thus they were poor to use for classification.The spectral relationships within the data sets were analysed in the light of geochemical and radiometric information culled from the literature on the Cima field.One trend which was identified in the data sets consisted of increasing radiances in the lava flows with decreasing age.This trend could have been associated with the geochemistry or with geomorphology of the study area.Future considerations for research are presented along with recoomendations for the use of TIMS data and possible design changes for an improved thermal scanner.
    • The differences of information technology visions between the faculty and students in the engineering laptop institution.

      Yamamoto, Toshiyuki (2012-05-10)
      The main purpose of this study was to examine the Information Technology Visions of the faculty and the students in the engineering college with atleast five years of history of being a laptop institution.A survey was conducted in the Division of Human Information Sciences at Kanazawa Institute of Technology in Kanazawa,Japan which has been a laptop institution since 1993.Furthermore,the relationship between the Information Technology Vision(henceforth,IT Visions)and computer skills was examined independently at the faculty's level and at the student's level.An original instrument was developed from Delcourt et al.(1994) and Janz(1999) as the basis for the survey.The instrument contained four parts:Part I included questions about demographic information;Part II included questions regarding prior experience in Information Technology;Part III included questions about the IT Vision;Part IV included questions about computer skills.The uniqueness of this instrument was that both the faculty and the students were examined using the same instrument.The participants in the survey were all faculty members in the Division of Human Information Science:24 male professors and 644 students.All 24 professors were selected as the faculty sample.50 students were randomly selected from a completed survey pool with the method of a stratified sampling conforming to the student population radio of 91% male and 9% female.This study was composed of three examinations:The difference of the IT Vision between the faculty sample and the stratified student sample;the relationship between the IT Vision and computer skills in the faculty sample;the relationship between the IT Vision and computer skills in the stratified student sample.Results showed that the IT Vision of the faculty and that of the students were significantly different.The student's IT Vision was higher than the faculty's.Further,the correlation results showed that the faculty's IT Vision was not significantly correlated with their computer skills,while the student's IT Visions was significantly correlated with their computer skills.
    • The compositional style of keith emerson in Tarkus(1971)for the rock music trio emerson,lake and palmer.

      Ford, Peter T (2012-05-10)
      British composer and keyboardist Keith Emerson(b.1944)has composed for various mediums,which include piano,orchestra and rock trio.A consistent level of musical awareness is manifested in all three of these mediums,and a unique compositional style can be identified by studying the rhythmic,melodic,harmonic,and formal language of his music.The subject of this discussion is one representative large-scale work,Tarkus(1971),as it appears on side one of the eponymous album recorded by the rock music trio Emerson,Lake and Palmer (ELP).The Tarkus album was released in 1971 during the early initial ELP period.Theintent of this thesis is to define and document the compositional approaches keyboardist Keith Emerson took when writing the suite Tarkus for Emerson,Lake and Palmer.Following a biographical chapter,this study examines each of the seven movements of the suite,detailing Emerson's compositional treatment of instrumentation,text (where applicable),rhythm,texture,harmony,melody,counterpoint and form.An eclectic analytical approach is taken,with theoretical descriptions of vertical and linear events including traditional functioning harmony,jazz chord symbols,atonal set theory,and other devices.Emerson's compositional collaboration with Greg Lake on certain meovements is also addressed.A Summary and Conclusions chapter ends the study.Tarkus was chosen for analysis for the following reasons:it is oen of the few large-scale works by Emerson with a published score;it contains representative a large-scale work from the beginning of the early initial ELP period,Emerson's most prolific and successful period to date.Emerson's compositional style in Tarkus is consistent with both earlier and later works,as it involves an abundance of harmonic and melodic intervals of a fourth,the use of ostinatos,and the recurrence of compound meters.
    • The development and change process needed for the implementation of the electronic writing protfolio to assess student writing at Eastern Illinois University.

      Hopgood, Debra Cross (2012-05-10)
      The purpose of this study was to analyse how the adoption of an electronic writing portfolio led to institutional change at an institution of higher education that chose to adopt the Electronic Writing Portfolio(EWP)to assess the writing skills of their students.This study also analyzed the perceptions and experiences of key administrators and faculty that participated in the adoption of the EWP.The research questions addressed in this study were:1)To what extent has the institution demonstrated that the EWP is linked to the mission of the institution? 2)What is the institutional evidence that faculty participated in the development of the EWP? 3) what is the institutional evidence that the EWP is institution-wide in conceptualization and scope? 4)To what degree has the perceptions of key faculty and administrators,regarding the development and implementation process of the EWP,been congruent with the Four-Frame Model for organizational change developed by Bolman and deal(1997)? The research was a qualitative study using a case study design.Eastern Ilinois University,located in Charleston,Illinois was the case study institution.The case study was conducted in accordance with the protocol established in Research Designs by John W Creswell(1994).Information was gathered from archival data and through interviews with key faculty and administrators.A literature review related to organizational change and assessment in higher education was conducted.Minutes taken from meetings of the Committee for the Assessment of Student Learning were reviewed and analysed.Minutes from the Writing Across the Curriculum and the Council on Academic Affairs were also reviewed and analyzed.The conclusions indicated that faculty and administrators consistently demonstrated in their interviews that the Electronic Writing Portfolio and the University's mission statement are linked.Faculty also consistently demonstrated that faculty was engaged in the development of the Electronic Writing Portfolio.Interviews also indicated,however,that administrators believe there was not enough faculty involvement.The research also indicated,that the issue of second tier assessment has not been resolved.This indicated congruence with Bolman and Deal's(1997)political framework,which states that conflict is natural and inevitable.Future study is recommended to analyze the effects of the fully implemented EWP from student's freshman through senior year.The effects of the EWP on teaching and learning should be studied as well.Additionally,a study is recommended to analyze why there is a difference of opinion between faculty and administartion concerning the level of faculty participation in the development and implementation of the EWP.
    • Saudi College Student's preference for synchronous and asynchronous web-based courses:An exploratory study.

      Al-Jabri, Abdullah (2012-05-17)
      Technology has become an essential component of the teaching-learning process,and online-learning,in particular,has captivated the interest of many educational institutions throughout the world.Web-based learning has provided both students and teachers with new and unique ways of communicating with each other.As a result,many studies have been conducted to investigate factors affecting the establishment of productive communications in web-based settings.Likewise,the focus of this study is how the number of courses completed and the participants perception of their English language competence impacted their preferences for synchronous and asynchronous web-based learning in English instruction and in Arabic instruction.The sample consisted of 82 Saudi undergraduate students enrolled at Indiana State University during the spring 2011.The study used a hard copy modified version of a survey that was designed by Burton(2009)containing 27 items,which were divided into three parts.A four-point Likert scale was utilized to gain an overall score of student's preferences for synchronous and asynchronous web-based courses.Descriptive statistics(frequencies,means and standard deviations,skewness and kurtosis).one-way ANOVA tests,and repeated measures test(paired samples t-test)were utilized to answer the questions presented in this study.The results revealed that there was no significant difference in student preferences for synchronous web-based courses delivered in English or Arabic on the basis of grade level or the learner's perceptions of their level of English language proficiency.There were also no significant differences between preferences for synchronous learning in English(L2)and preferences for synchronous learning in Arabic(L1).The results also showed that the participants had greater preferences for synchronous online courses over asynchronous online courses.These findings mirror those found in earlier studies.The descriptive statistics revealed that learners had a strong preference for having direct conversations with the teacher,having more flexibility,studying on their own,and learning new materials through discussions with others or through having someone explain it to them.
    • An interpretative study of the perceptions and reactions of spanish-speaking students to motivators and demotivators in the english as a new language classroom.

      Brizuela, Alejandra Alvarado (2012-05-18)
      Using a qualitative approach,this study explored and analysed the experiences of Spanish-speaking students who took English as a second language(ESL)classes during Grades K-12 as well as the experiences of teachers licensed for English as a second language who teach in public schools in Indiana.Data were collected by conducting individual interviews with four teachers and once focus group session with three former ESL students who are Spanish-speaking Hispanics.The analysis of the data resulted in emergent themes that helped to identify specific motivators and demotivators that play a role in the ESL class.The six main themes that emerged from the data were the language learning environment,the student-teacher relationship,the choice of task or reading material,the use of technology,peer scaffolding,and the difficulty of the task.In addition to these themes,student's perspectives on placement as well as the teacher's concerns and ideas scenarios were also included in this study.All the information provided by the participants can be used to better understand the dynamics of the language classroom and how these dynamics either promote or hinder the student's willingness to learn English.
    • The relationship between reading fluency and mathematical word problem solving:An exploratory study.

      Walker, Amy M (2012-05-18)
      The present study examined the relationship between Oral Reading Fluency(ORF)scores and mathematics problem solving scores.The reading fluency scores were obtained from the Dynamic Indicator of Basic Early Literacy(DIBELS)assessment.The mathematics problem solving scores were obtained from the Indiana State Test of Education Progress Plus(ISTEP+)assessment.In addition,error patterns found in mathematics problem solving on ISTEP+and Acuity Diagnosis Tests were analysed.The purpose of the quantitative study was to determine if DIBELS ORF scores were correlated with mathematics problem solving ISTEP+ scores.A linear regression was conducted to determine the significance of the correlation.The purpose of the qualitative study was to determine error patterns found on the Mathematics Problem Solving portion of the ISTEP+ test and the Acuity Mathematics Diagnostic test.For both studies,the data were evaluated for the whole group,male group,and female group.For the qualitative analysis,data were also examined based on DIBELS oral reading fluency level.A total of 121 students in Grades 3,4 and 5 were used for the study.The students attended an inner city schools in the midwestern portion of Indiana.Several ethnic groups were represented,including Caucasian,Hispanic,African American and multiracial.The majority was from high poverty level homes and qualified for either free or reduced lunch services.
    • The impact of state energy programs and other contextual factors on US buildings energy comsumption.

      Boadu, Andrea N.Y.A Ofori (2012-05-18)
      High energy consumption in the United States has been influenced by populations, climates, income and other contextual factors. In the past decades, U.S. energy policies have pursued energy efficiency as a national strategy for reducing U.S. environmental degradation and dependence on foreign oils. The quest for improved energy efficiency has led to the development of energy efficient technologies and programs. The implementation of energy programs in the complex U.S. socio-technical environment is believed to promote the diffusion of energy efficiency technologies. However, opponents doubt the fact that these programs have the capacity to significantly reduce U.S. energy consumption. In order to contribute to the ongoing discussion, this quantitative study investigated the relationships existing among electricity consumption/ intensity, energy programs and contextual factors in the U.S. buildings sector. Specifically, this study sought to identify the significant predictors of electricity consumption and intensity, as well as estimate the overall impact of selected energy programs on electricity consumption and intensity. Using state-level secondary data for 51 U.S. states from 2006 to 2009, seven random effects panel data regression models confirmed the existence of significant relationships among some energy programs, contextual factors, and electricity consumption/intensity. The most significant predictors of improved electricity efficiency included the price of electricity, public benefits funds program, building energy codes program,financial and informational incentives program and the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) program. Consistently, the Southern region of the U.S. was associated with high electricity consumption and intensity; while the U.S. commercial sector was the greater benefactor from energy programs. On the average, energy programs were responsible for approximately 7% of the variation observed in electricity consumption and intensity, over and above the variation associated with the contextual factors. This study also had implications in program implementation theory, and revealed that resource availability, stringency and adherence had significant impacts on program outcomes. Using seven classification tables, this study categorized and matched the predictors of electricity consumption and intensity with the specific energy sectors in which they demonstrated statistical significance. Project developers, energy advocates, policy makers, program administrators, building occupants and other stakeholders could use study findings in conjunction with other empirical findings, to make informed decisions regarding the adoption, continuation or discontinuation of energy programs, while taking contextual factors into consideration. The adoption and efficient implementation of the most significant programs could reduce U.S. electricity consumption, and in the long term, possibly reduce U.S. energy waste, environmental degradation, energy imports, energy prices, and demands for expanding energy generation and distribution infrastructure.
    • The effect of Instrument Type on the measure of Hydration Status

      Niemann, Andrew (2012-05-18)
      Context: Although some instruments have been validated for clinical measure of hydration status, new and currently invalid instruments are available for purchase and clinical use. Athletic trainers commonly use these instruments to assess hydration status for weight checks and body mass loss charts due to their ease of use. However, the validity of these popular instruments has not yet been established. Objective: To determine the validity of urine specific gravity (USG) for the assessment of hydration status via the following instruments: handheld clinical refractometer, pen style digital refractometer, and midget urinometer as compared to the gold standard urine osmometer(OSMO). Design: Descriptive diagnostic validity study. Setting: Biochemical research laboratory. Patients or Other Participants: Healthy active men and women (n=108;mean age=22±4yrs; self reported height=174±20cm and mass=75±17kg) were recruited among faculty and students on a university campus. Interventions: The independent variable was instrument type with four levels: osmometer, handheld clinical refractometer, pen style digital refractometer, and midget urinometer. After recruitment, participants completed an informed consent and a short health history questionnaire to rule out any exclusionary criteria such as kidney disease or chronic urinary tract infection. Participants were then given a clean standard urine cup and asked to provide as much sample as possible, providing more than one cup when possible. Main Outcome Measures: Hydration status was measured by USG and OSM. USG was evaluated by a handheld clinical refractometer, pen style digital refractometer, and midget urinometer. The gold standard OSM was calculated by a freezing point depression osmometer. Z scores were calculated for each instrument and Pearson product-moment correlation coefficients were evaluated to examine the relationship between each instrument of USG and OSM. Results: Strong significant correlations were identified for the digital refractometer (r=0.814, p< 0.001) and handheld clinical refractometer (r=0.943, p< 0.001) with OSM. A weak statistically insignificant correlation was established between the midget urinometer (r=0.133, p< 0.142) and OSM. Average hydration status indicated variability among some of the instruments: digital refractometer USG=1.0194±0.0075, clinical refractometer USG=1.020±0.007, urinometer USG=1.028±0.091, osmometer OSM=743±271) Conclusions: Handheld clinical refractometry can be used confidently for assessing hydration status as it shows a strong significant correlation with the gold standard osmometer, which is consistent with previous literature. Additionally, the use of the pen style digital refractometer showed a strong, significant correlation with the gold standard osmometer and provides clinicians with another option for the clinical assessment of USG and hydration status. The findings of this also study suggest that the use of a midget urinometer should be performed with extreme caution, as it showed a weak correlation with the gold standard osmometer, indicating it might not provide accurate results when used to determine hydration status.
    • School leadership mentoring characteristics in an era of significant educational reform.

      Monahan, Bobbie Jo (2012-05-18)
      The state of Indiana is undergoing substantial educational reform,as is the nation.Educational leaders are in great need of support as they address reform initiatives.The support that educational leaders receive from mentors/coaches may be a determining factor in how they embrace the latest reform and work with their school communities.The primary purpose of this study was to understand the role of experienced superintendents/district leaders as mentors and coaches to new superintendents/district leaders in times of stressful educational reform.Four experienced district leaders were interviewed using the research method of qualitative inquiry.Based on the perceptions of four experienced district leaders in response to interview questions involving leadership skills outlined by the National Association of Secondary School Principals:Mentoring and Coaching-Developing Educational Leaders,the following conclusions were made:1)The mentor's leadership style is significant in the mentoring of new district leaders.Each participant described his or her leadership styles differently,yet there is a connection of high involvement in their organizations and the need to adapt their leadership to each unique situation. 2)Legislative agendas are directly impacting district leadership.Both Indiana Senate Bill No 575(Collective Bargaining Act,2011a)and Indiana Senate Bill No 1(Teaching Evaluation and Licensing Act,2011b)clearly focus on district leaders.3)Stress defines educational leadership and is a persistent topic between mentors and mentees. 4)Stress is a positive factor in leading.However,the stress from current educational reform is viewed as a positive factor in leading amidst the negative stressors. 5)Successful mentoring practices in education among participants are more informal than formal.6)The reasons for mentoring in an educational setting are grounded in feeling of moral accountability regarding mentoring and giving back to the craft of leading.
    • A course of study in general science for junior high schools

      Branstetter, H. W. (2012-06-21)
      Not Available.
    • The social studies in the junior high schools of Indiana

      Lamb, Herbert Ingram. (2012-06-27)
      Not Available
    • A standardized test for the first semester of world history

      Houston, John E. (John Edgar) (2012-07-02)
      Not Available.
    • Practice in the fundamentals of printing

      Tranbarger, John C. (John Clarence) (2012-07-24)
      Not Available.