• Before It Rains

      Parkman, Veronica O. (2010-07-20)
      "For God so loved the world that he gave his only begotten son that whosoever believeth in him should not parish but have everlasting life." Contemporary Christian literature is becoming first choice in public libraries and bookstores throughout the country. From novels about end-time prophesy to autobiographies of world-renowned pastors, works written for and about Christians have reached an all-time high. Before it Rains is indeed, according to the scriptural definition of salvation found in the King James Version of the bible, a contemporary Christian novel; the characters must go through the biblical process of accepting Jesus Christ as their Lord and Savior before receiving a newness or fulfillment of life. Moreover, this novel presents a particular focus on the African American community. Not only does the audience receive a glimpse of life from an African American perspective, but the reader also experiences a unique style of worship and the importance of religion in the black church. The reader is introduced to three religious characters, and the chapters in which these characters are introduced present strong images of the African American church such as handclapping and tambourines. Although Before it Rains is a contemporary Christian novel, it can also be considered a romantic work. Elements of romantic writing that can be found frequently throughout the book include emphasis placed on emotions, emphasis upon freedom and individuality, and emphasis on imagination and fantasy. Quite often, prophetic dreams occur, and the reader is presented with flashbacks of the characters' pasts. Before it Rains does not appeal to any specific audience; just as salvation, according to Romans 10:9, is open to all who believe, this novel serves as a nontraditional gateway for those who are curious about accepting Christ into their lives. Readers are presented with realistic characters who, like themselves, may be somewhat skeptical when it comes to spiritual concerns.
    • Seeing in the Dark

      Brennan, Matthew, 1955- (2011-08-30)
    • The God-nature-man relationship in the works of selected eighteenth and nineteenth century American writers

      Anderson, Jane E. (2012-04-11)
      Several commentaries have been written about the role that Nature has played in the literature of early America, including books by Wilson Ober Clough,Hans Huth and Norman Foerster. Each of these studies, however has virtually ignored a vital aspect of the Man-Nature relationship as it was conceived and as it matured in the young nation. From the beginning, the American view of Nature was influenced and often dictated by the American view of God and a complete picture of the role of Nature in this nation's literature cannot be gained without a consideration also of the role of God in those same writings. The thrust of this study is a consideration of the inter-relationships between God,Man,and nature as they were perceived and recorded by Jonathan Edwards, Philip Morin Freneau, William Cullen Bryant and Ralph Waldo Emerson. These four writers of the 18th and 19th centuries represent not only the essayists and poets of their respective centuries, but also some of the foremost religious, political and philosophical movements of their day. Edwards, like many Puritans before him, viewed Nature with a critical eye, recording the intricacies of her minutest forms with scientific interest. But more than this, he reveled in her beauties, finding in them a muted reflection of the ineffable beauty and majesty of God. Seeing in the workings of Nature shadows of Divine percepts, he began to compile a catalogue of those lessons which god had revealed for the edification of the Saints. Puritan doctrine imposed rigid controls upon the acquisition of these teachings, however. As Edwards taught these lessons, which were not new revelations of God, but rather illustrations of Biblical truths, could only be perceived by God’s Elect and then only when God chose to reveal them. Freneau’s view of Nature as teacher placed her in a role of greater importance. As a Deist, he believed that nature did not simply illustrate Biblical truths but was herself Man’s Bible. Like a book of ready answers about life and death, nature had been prepared in advance by a new remote God, who having fashioned a perfect universe to function in faultless rhythm, then sat back to simply watch it work. Rejecting the Puritan doctrine of the Elect, Freneau argued furthermore that Nature’s lessons were available to any individual who in earnestness sought them. Like Freneau, Bryant rejected any suggestion that nature’s secrets could be understood only by a chosen few. He found instead in the forests and mountains a vast and majestic cathedral in which an individual could reach upward with nature in earnest and loving worship of the creator. But he saw in nature, as well, an eager and sympathetic confidant, a comforter and a guide whose voice spoke freely to any who sought communion with her. Emerson, the Transcendentalist believed that through the very act of creation the Spirit of God flowed into and through every aspect of nature, making every particle in existence from the mightiest king to the smallest grain of sand partakers of his divinity. Man and nature were therefore one, sharing being within the over-soul. And since in the beginning god had thought each rock and tree and mountain into being, they existed as corporeal symbols of spiritual realities. Nature thus became the symbol of the spirit and as Emerson chose not to recognize the Bible as god’s guideline for mankind, nature became also an individual’s only avenue to God. Each of these four men Edwards, Freneau, Bryant and Emerson viewed nature from a slightly different perspective, their views influenced, in part at least by their understanding of God’s relationship to his creation. Yet what are most striking are not the differences in their beliefs, but rather the consistencies. Nature was for each of them, as indeed for most Americans to be admired for her majestic beauty preserved in her innocence and looked to her insight into the workings of God among Men.
    • The comparative effects of two instructional strategies on second grader's reading comprehension and writing ability.

      Westbrooks, Sandra (2012-05-16)
      This study investigated the influence of writing instruction on the reading comprehension and the syntactic writing development of second-grade students.Research has shown that instruction in writing summaries can increase reading comprehension and improve writing skills significantly.Thus,this study attempted to determine the effect of writing instruction on reading comprehension and syntactic writing development.This study employed two second-grade classrooms.Classrooms were randomly assigned to experimental or control groups.Within each group,subjects were divided into low,average,and high reading ability subgroups.Reading ability was determined according to scores received on the Comprehensive Tests of Basic Skills(CTBS),which was administered prior to treatment.The experimental treatment consisted of instruction in writing basal story summaries,while the control treatment consisted of writing short answers to questions provided in the basal workbook.All students received four weeks of writing instruction prior to the posttest,which required them to write a story and answer multiple choice items in reading comprehension,language mechanics,and language expression.An analysis of variance and covariance with repeated measures was used o compare mean scores of the experimental and control groups of low,average,and high reading ability students.No significant differences were found when the dependent reading comprehension variable was considered.However,statistically significant differences were found between the experimental and control groups post and delayed posttest scores when the dependent writing variable was considered.Specifically,there were significant differences found in language mechanic scores,the number of sentences written,the number of words per sentence,and the number of T-units per sentence.It is important to point out that the mean scores of the experimental group tended to be consistently higher than the mean scores of the control groups on post and delayed posttest trials.Thus,a tendency was established which indicated the desirable effect of summary writing instruction and the need to replicate the research over a longer period of time.
    • An analysis of errors in English grammar made by high school graduates

      Carter, Ira F. (Ira Fremont) (2012-08-15)
      Not Available.
    • Henry David Thoreau and Amos Bronson Alcott : a study of relationships

      Henry, Frances Harriet (2012-08-17)
      Not Available.
    • A collection of Serbian folk tales

      Milanovich, Anthony (2012-08-20)
      Not Available.
    • A Study of the Background Scenes in the Life of John Milton.

      Bedwell, Frieda (2013-01-09)
      Not available.
    • An analysis of errors in English made by teachers on various levels

      Engleman, Edward U. (2013-01-18)
      Not available.