• Acidic and Basic Destruction of Tissues

      Eaton, Cydney
      A coroner’s case I had learned about involved a man attempting to dispose of a body with acid. Shortly after exposure, the man was apprehended and the body was located. Upon investigation, police force determined the acid used to be hydrochloric acid, however, exact concentration remains unknown (Kohr, 2010). This led to the question of which easily accessible acid works best to degrade tissue. To answer this, an experiment was conducted involving pig feet and various concentrations of common acids and a single strong base. The feet were submerged in the solutions overnight and mass percent lost or gained was calculated. Analysis showed that hydrochloric acid did, in fact, destroy the tissue the most, but at its highest concentration. This proved our hypothesis of nitric acid degrading the tissues the most to be incorrect. The acid used by the perpetrator was most likely at a concentration between 6 and 12 M. More acid as well as a larger container would have proved him to be more successful.
    • American Culture’s Impact on Gender and The Perpetuation of a Gender Binary

      Blaho, Anna
      This thesis explores the origins of American culture’s fixation on gender being a dichotomous concept. Through the analysis of previous research surrounding the subject of gender roles, expectations, and stereotypes, contributors to this restrictive mind frame as well as reinforcing agents were recognized. Historical trends have demonstrated the assignment of clear and separate tasks to the genders, which in turn created differentiated experiences and opportunities presented to each gender. Facilitated by the historical basis, American culture emulated similar patterns that instilled inflexible conceptions about gender to the point where it has created a discriminate workplace environment. As a consequence of the culture, the American economy uses these gender ideals to increase revenue, disregarding of ethics. These factors combined produce negative effects on American citizens, regardless of how they identify. Comprehensively, the results have established that a rigid format of gender has the ability to limit the opportunities accessible to all genders.
    • Atalanta: The Exception to Social Normality Presented in the Ancient World

      Brink, Sean C (1847-02-15)
      This thesis is an analysis of two ancient authors: the Greek Apollodorus, and the Latin Ovid, and how they both handle the ancient views of societal gender roles. The two authors write more than one hundred years apart (the 2nd century BCE and the mid-1st century BCE - early 1st century CE respectively), yet the two of them write unique accounts of the myth of Ata-lanta. Atalanta is a heroine of Greek and Roman mythology, and is one of the few examples of strong women that survive to the present day. However, Apollodorus and Ovid portray a very different view of Atalanta (within The Library and The Metamorphoses respectively), and both of them reveal some interesting possibilities of how Atalanta may have been viewed by both an-cient men and women of Greece and Rome.
    • Benefits of Air Transportation vs Ground Transportation in the Medical Field

      Carpenter, Mackenzie
      The risks and benefits of air ambulance transportation is compared yearly to see if the benefits outweigh the risks for patients and healthcare workers. Lifeline, specifically, is the only flight service with no helicopter crashes. They have successfully stabilized and transported the patients to the best hospital where they receive life-saving care. The Indiana State Trauma Care Committee continues to collect data throughout the year to go over certain patient situations and how to better the outcomes or their overall performance. While both air and ground ambulance services are used to transport patients, the patients deemed most critical based on the scene, are flown to the respective hospital. Each of the specific transportation services, they are equipped with the proper tools and equipment to save the patient’s life when necessary. Overall, the statistics are being looked at to improve patient transfers and better the outcomes of survival rates. Physicians and other medical personnel are working to improve their skills and learn from each patient’s case.
    • Berry Exotic: Alternative Therapies

      Willimann, Marissa
      Exotic berries are beginning to be investigated for their preventative properties such as antioxidants, anti-inflammatory, and hypocholesterolaemic levels. Berries consisting of these factors have been shown to reduce the risk for cardiovascular complications, acute or chronic diseases and other metabolic disease processes. These natural remedies are used to create a more holistic approach to medicine. The question raised is if the natural antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties that acaí, maqui, and blackthorn berries produce are more effective, less effective, or have no effect compared to medications that can be used. Research shows that reduction of glucose, total cholesterol and low density lipoprotein (LDL) from these berries have a positive effect on cardiovascular health, reduction of disease and reduction of risk for diabetes in overweight persons. After initial studies, the benefits prove to be worth using the acaí berry in moderation in addition to a healthy lifestyle. This paper will investigate the properties that make up exotic berries, such as the acaí berry, and their effects on specific body systems to determine the benefits of supplementation compared to other antioxidant rich berries and multivitamins.
    • Bridging the Gap of Age and Awkwardness: Improving Geriatric Sex Education

      Watson, Anne (2018-05)
      Improving geriatric sex education is not a common thought for many Americans, but with a quickly growing population it may soon become a common topic for discussion. Discomfort, awkwardness, and lack of communication often keep health care providers and physicians from discussing sexual health with their elderly patients. These limitations are significantly impairing physicians and health care providers from educating their patients about their sexual health and addressing any concern the patient might have about their sexuality. Sexual health in geriatrics is a growing concern among many health care fields today as the elderly are participating in risky sexual behaviors but are not using safe sex practices. After collecting research from 28 sources, I have concluded that there are many inadequacies that are preventing quality sexual health education for the elderly by examining the history of sex education, discussing the limitations and barriers of adequate sexual health education, and analyzing the training and education methods being used to improve this elderly sexual health education. There are many ways in which improvement for geriatric sexual health education can occur; from enhanced communication to quality training for geriatric health care providers; but in the end the overall change needed will have to come from our society as a whole. The geriatric population is the fastest growing population in today’s society and soon this population will have new needs and concerns that will have to be addressed by us and future generations.
    • Changes in the Ideal Body Type

      Hoffman, Jessica L.
      The human body comes in all shapes and sizes. Each different body shape allows onlookers to evaluate at least some aspects of the subject’s lifestyle and priorities. All eras choose a body type that they exalt above the rest. The goal of this research is to evaluate the considered ideal body type from three different eras in order to better understand these time periods and their values. A compilation of books and journal articles were used from the Cunningham Memorial Library Database, the library itself, and other personal libraries to better understand this topic. The most pertinent question was what Sparta, Medieval Europe, and the 1920’s in the United States considered to be the ideal body type. From here a comparison between the time periods and their values was needed to understand why these ideal body styles differ so greatly. Lastly, a record of events that happened during each reign was needed so understand the external factors acting upon the choosing of the body styles. These findings can be used to deeper understand history, sociology, body image, and reproduction.
    • The Community Benefits of Arts and Culture Nonprofit Organizations

      Middleton, Elise
      The main goal of this thesis is to identify and analyze some of the community benefits of arts and culture nonprofit organizations. Oftentimes, people view these organizations as entertaining but frivolous. In reality, these organizations are vital for a community, and they deserve more support. In this thesis, I will specifically focus on the economic, social, and therapeutic benefits of these organizations. In order to analyze this subject, I read and analyzed a variety of scholarly resources. After conducting research, it is evident that supporting and investing in the arts is a smart economic decision for any community. They generate a great deal of economic activity and benefit other local businesses. In addition, arts organizations attract businesses, residents, and visitors to a community, and they improve the quality of life in the area. Also, art has many therapeutic effects, and art therapy organizations help those with physical disabilities or emotional challenges to boost their confidence, build a support system, and cope with their emotions. All of these benefits have a great impact on the community, and could have a positive influence on education, business, and health fields in the area. Therefore, arts and culture nonprofit organizations are a powerful force in a community, and they require the support and investment of their communities.
    • Comparing and Contrasting the Benefits of Aquatic Exercise with Other Forms of Exercise for the Elderly Population

      Shew, Katie
      As humans age, there are certain biological processes that are unavoidable. However, there are also some biological processes that may be avoidable or slowed through a healthy lifestyle. The following is a list of some common problems that can occur with aging.1(
    • Comparison of Data Protection Laws in the United States vs. the European Union

      Decker, Trey
      Data protection legislation is an area that has become more talked about in the current times in the United States. With the advent of the secret documents leaked by former intelligence analyst Edward Snowden, and the quick-to-follow data breaches of two major corporations, potentially affecting around 160 million Americans, the time to discuss and understand this topic is now. The in-depth understanding of US data protection laws present significant issues therein. There lie holes and fissures, as a matter of speaking, the framework that results in the lack of user protection. How then can these holes be mended, and what are the proposed solutions? In order to resolve this case, this research first understands another framework by which to compare the current US framework. When compared to the US framework, which pieces appear to be missing from the US? By analyzing the results and research of law professionals, the discovery is that the US could benefit from a cohesive law, which would protect the fundamental right of citizens to have private data protection and the proper representation. Additionally, there needs to exist, in the least, one organization which holds authority over individuals who breach this right; the EU refers to these as Independent Supervisory Authorities (ISAs). The implications of these findings highlight the urgency to provide this fundamental right to US citizens. Where the right to privacy fails is to say that there is a fundamental right to have that right protected.
    • Concussions related to Football

      Stephen, Jerry
      Concussions are a major problem in football. They cause short and long term problems. Much is known about the causes of concussions in football, little is yet known about how to truly really decrease the amount of concussions and the effects a concussion really has on an individual, I propose to look at efforts being put in remaking helmets, physiological effects on the brain, and the long term behavioral and emotional effects of concussions. There is an ongoing research to solve the concussion in football. Scientists are learning about the physiological effects on the brain and the long term emotion changes due to a concussion. Studies have shown a football hit is just like a car crash. They are trying to get as close as possible to a concussion proof helmet. Athletic trainers are getting away from the grading scale and trying all concussions as severe.
    • Creating Environmental Education for Children: Focusing on the Vigo County/Terre Haute Community

      Bilyeu, Jordanna
      This study is an attempt to create an action plan to improve environmental education for children within a community. It evaluates the reach and sophistication of this type of education that currently exists in the Vigo County/Terre Haute community, diagnoses weaknesses in the system, and finds ways to develop it. Data was collected through surveys given to elementary school teachers in Vigo County Public schools, interviewing community educators, making on-site visits to educational locations, online research, and speaking with political figures. Environmental education lacks sophistication in schools and can be improved through hands-on, sustainability standards and resources. Community sources outside of schools are limited to university organizations, city and county parks, and museums. The reach of these entities can be improved through advertisement, accessibility, and collaboration. Lastly, initiatives to change legislation can improve the reach and sophistication of environmental education through government-funded environmental programming.
    • Culture and Government in a Land of Conflict: An Analysis of Northern Ireland

      Starbuck, Emily
      The following thesis is an analysis of the rich and complex history of the state of Northern Ireland and its subsequent effects on government policy, cultural identification, and public opinion concerning the use of violence. I examined the historical precedents set into place which could explain the continued violence, political party orientation, and cultural evolution which is, even now, taking place as a result of the involvement of two very different populations. I provided evidence concerning current public opinion regarding the sectarian and paramilitary violence which plagued the state for hundreds of years and continues to occur, although much less frequently than in years past. Utilizing scholarly essays and reputable new sources, I have laid the foundation for a general analysis of the past few decades in the hopes of shedding more light on the currently shrouded present situation. It is my belief that, as a result of governmental cooperation, noteworthy but slight changes in cultural identification, and citizens who do not condone past, present, or future violence, there may well be a lasting peace in Northern Ireland.
    • Disney’s Female Gender Roles: The Change of Modern Culture

      Barber, McKenzie
      Disney Animation and their films are a huge part of the entertainment industry in America. They influence and reach children through many avenues, not just with movies, but through clothing, games, and toys. Disney has been around for over 80 years, and during that time, they have played a role in how society displays gender roles. As modern culture goes through changes, Disney can also be seen making changes in the way they represent their characters, especially females. While looking specifically at Disney princesses, the depiction of females and their gender roles can be described in at least one of three ways. One, the original portrayal of Disney princesses is the stereotypical damsel-in-distress, and very domestic. This can be seen through Snow White, Cinderella, and Sleeping Beauty. A second portrayal arose and shifted the roles of female characters to be seen as rebellious and ambitious. This picture can be seen through the characters of Ariel, Mulan, and Rapunzel. Lastly, a final shift has taken place and the female characters are portrayed as independent and free spirited. This type of depiction can be seen through seen through Merida, Anna and Elsa. Through different researches and literature reviews, including the movies themselves, Disney can be seen slowly making strides along with the surrounding culture and changing times in America.
    • Dream Job or Money Pit?

      Wilcox, Benjamin
      The path to becoming a lawyer, pilot, or a doctor is a very tough route no matter which profession one should choose. The purpose of this research paper is to determine if all the careers offer the same reward upon completion of education. Does one career earn significantly more money per dollar invested in education? The hope is that this paper will show these inconsistencies and increase awareness of the amount of debt students are piling on. The starting salary of a profession needs to be able to support the debt that must be accrued. Throughout this research paper, there will be a thorough analysis of three professions that will look at the time invested to obtain an education, the money invested, and the difficulty of obtaining the certification for that specific career path. This will show that each career is extremely difficult and thus should be rewarded as such. After this has been accomplished, I will discuss the starting salaries and compare this to the average debt obtained during education. It is my hope to show that some careers are financially much more viable than others, and this needs to be considered before entering the career field.
    • Due Process in Higher Education: A Study of Due Process in Relation to Greek Life Affairs

      Hollis, Brooklyn M.
      Fraternities have blazed headlines over the past several years due to incidents involving degrading and racist chants, private Facebook groups bragging about illicit behavior, and in several cases, allegations of sexual assault. This project serves to investigate the constitutional rights of Fraternities and Sororities during investigative and disciplinary procedures. A major concern that this project explores is whether organizations are protected under the 14th Amendment of the Constitution in university disciplinary procedures. This project provides a thorough discussion of the history of Greek organizations and their significance. It also conducts an exhaustive review of the 14th Amendment’s Due Process Clause and how it applies to universities through their established Student Code of Conduct1. This piece investigates Student Code of Conduct policies from sixteen college campuses in the Midwest to determine how sanctions are delivered to student organizations; half of the universities require student organizations to be punished in the same way as individual students. Three universities have separate policies or have clauses that determine how organizations should be punished. This project also provides an in-depth look into the growing trend of the Court system not finding the University to be responsible if they are sued as a result of an incident involving a Greek organizations.
    • E is for Early Intervention: The Importance of Early Intervention Services in Providing Better Outcomes for Children Who Have or Are at Risk for Having a Developmental Delay

      Schuster, Brianna
      The purpose of this paper is to analyze the effects that early intervention services have on children who have or are at risk for a developmental delay due to medical or environmental circumstances. Throughout this paper, the following research questions were used as means to guide and provide focus to the paper: Why are early intervention services important in the first few years of life? Who benefits from early intervention services and how are these children affected? and Does early intervention affect the individual long-term? By using a combination of research articles, scientific journals, and data collected from federal research studies regarding early childhood early intervention and the outcomes of children, this paper provides a comprehensive overview of why early intervention services are needed early in life and the true impact of early childhood intervention programs on the lives of children both at the time of intervention and across the lifespan.
    • The Effects of Music on Education and Early Literacy: An Insight on Defining Literacy and the Use of Music in the Classroom

      Hawkins, Lindsey
      The purpose of this essay is to examine the effects that music has on education and literacy, and to provide insight on how to go about using music in a classroom. First, the essay will define the word ‘literacy,’ and prove why this is important, and then describe how literacy is taught in a classroom using phonics. Then, it will take a look at how music affects the student brain, and how those effects are linked directly to the way students process reading, writing, and communication. Finally, this essay will look at the direct effects that music has on education and literacy, and how both music instruction and music integrated into a lesson correlate positively with student academic success. It will also take a moment to provide examples of how music can be effectively implemented in a traditional classroom setting. To conclude, the essay considers how this study affects other aspects of education such as the idea of extra-curricular activities, standardized testing, and students with disabilities.
    • The Effects of Nutrition Pertaining to Fitness and Health

      Swem, Daniel
      The current research is focused on how nutrition influences both fitness and health. It is important to understand the difference between the two terms. Fitness relates to a person’s ability to perform specific tasks whereas health is a condition of being free of disease or illness. Pertaining to fitness, this study primarily focuses on cardiovascular endurance, muscular strength, and body composition. (The other components of physical fitness are muscular endurance and flexibility). This research will attempt to answer some highly researched questions. How important is the timing of pre-exercise and post-exercise meals? What foods are beneficial for those seeking to improve cardiovascular endurance, muscular strength, and body composition? How does diet alone influence body composition, fat mass, and fat-free mass? The primary mode used to answer these questions will be investigation into relevant literature. Much research has already been conducted on these topics. The leading studies find an acute positive correlation to carbohydrate ingestion and improved cardiovascular endurance. Other studies have found that protein ingestion aids in the recovery of muscular strength exercises. Lastly, a reduction of carbohydrates, while not engaging in exercise, has been shown to improve body composition.
    • The Effects of Police Work on Family Life

      Spicer, Mercedes
      The job of a police officer is full of stressors, and these stressors can have an effect not only the police officer, but on the officer’s family as well. The main stressors police officers have to deal with are violence, time management, promotion, education, finances, and many different emotions. All of these stressors can lead to a disaster without proper treatment to diffuse the stress. Some ways that officers can get help is by having a religion, going to therapy, talking to a chaplain, and there are even several different ways that the spouse can help the officer dealing with stress.