Now showing items 1-20 of 5185

    • Clinical Practice in Athletic Training: A Journal of Practice-Based, Outcomes, and Action Research

      Lindsey Eberman, Editor-in-Chief (Indiana State University, 2022-04)
    • Clinical Practice in Athletic Training: A Journal of Practice-Based, Outcomes, and Action Research

      Lindsey Eberman, Editor-in-Chief (Indiana State University, 2021-10)
    • Clinical Practice in Athletic Training: A Journal of Practice-Based, Outcomes, and Action Research

      Lindsey Eberman, Editor-in-Chief (Indiana State University, 2021-09)
    • Clinical Practice in Athletic Training: A Journal of Practice-Based, Outcomes, and Action Research

      Lindsey Eberman, Editor-in-Chief (Indiana State University, 2021-02)
    • Clinical Practice in Athletic Training: A Journal of Practice-Based, Outcomes, and Action Research

      Cameron J. Powden, Editor-in-Chief (Indiana State University, 2020-11)
    • Clinical Practice in Athletic Training: A Journal of Practice-Based, Outcomes, and Action Research

      Lindsey Eberman, Editor-in-Chief (Indiana State University, 2020-06)
    • Clinical Practice in Athletic Training: A Journal of Practice-Based, Outcomes, and Action Research

      Lindsey Eberman, Editor-in-Chief (Indiana State University, 2020-04)
    • Clinical Practice in Athletic Training: A Journal of Practice-Based, Outcomes, and Action Research

      Lindsey Eberman, Editor-in-Chief (Indiana State University, 2019-11)
    • Assessments of Childhood Apraxia of Speech Disorder

      Teelucksingh, Emily L. (Indiana State University, 2022)
      Speech communication is important for every human being. Whether the communication is verbal or non-verbal, everyone goes through a specific process to formulate speech. The specific process is known as the speech chain model. As the speaker, the speech communication chain consists of six stages. These are intention, meaning, utterance, articulatory planning, articulatory production, and sound. As the listener, the speech communication chain continues with the auditory response, word sequence, meaning, and then understanding the information that was received. To put this in play, an idea or thought is formed first. The brain then assigns meanings to words and the brain categorizes those words through the mental lexicon. After those words have been assigned, the brain starts planning how to produce thoughts. The brain then sends those plans to the articulatory muscles and produces phonetic sounds to form a meaningful sentence (Denes & Pinson, 1993).
    • An Intersection of Computational Biology and Functional Genomics to identify Transcriptional Gene Enhancers and Their Role in Cancer

      Aslam Khattak, Naureen; Gonser, Rusty Allen (Indiana State University, 2022)
      Despite the critical role of gene regulation in cell development and differentiation, the major challenge remains to identify the cis-regulatory modules (CRMs). Mainly, these CRMs include enhancers, promoters and insulators that governs the spatiotemporal gene regulation. The gene regulatory networks are highly dependent on their CRMs and mostly consist of DNA motifs and epigenetic landmarks. The recent advancements in high-throughput sequencing techniques and comparative genomics analysis accelerate the discovery of enhancers, however the major obstacles are to identify the genome-wide location of these CRMs, their dynamic nature of interactions, and cis/trans location which could be hundred to thousands base pairs away from the target gene location. The goal of this literature review is to provide an insight into the CRMs specifically enhancers, how they modulate gene expression, mutations that converts normal cell into a disease-state such as cancer. Also, this embedded review article is focused on the use of computational strategies coupled with the biochemical assays to predict functional gene enhancers. The computational strategies such as window clustering, probabilistic modeling, phylogenetic footprinting and discriminative modeling are briefly discussed to scan and locate the putative gene enhancers. Besides theses, biochemical techniques such as ChIP-seq, DNA footprinting, and deletion mapping are briefly reviewed in Drosophila to predict functional gene enhancers and dissecting gene regulatory networks. In addition, this review article may help bench scientists to incorporate bioinformatics tools with biochemical techniques to scan, locate and verify gene enhancer regions within a cell. With best of our knowledge, this is a first-time effort to combine insilico, in vitro and in vivo techniques to explore the connections between CRMs and gene regulation.
    • American Textbooks 1700-1820

      McGiverin, Rolland (2022-04-12)
      Textbooks published in America 1700-1820
    • Social Inflation: Rising Tides in the Insurance Markets

      Heim, Noah (2021-12)
      Social inflation, despite its relative recency, has been a strong concern for some of the largest insurance carriers in the world. With claims costs increasing across broad markets, especially in casualty markets, insurers are racing to find the reason why. Increased claims costs can result in a number of negative effects on both insurance carriers as well as insurances buyers. Social inflation seems to be a key driver of these increased costs. Doing a deep dive into the validity of this claim and studying some potential causes as well as markets in which social inflation is occurring has led to the discovery of some significant effects on the insurance marketplace as well as some potential solutions to help curb the problem and move past this issue.
    • An Examination between Laryngeal Physiology and Parkinson’s Disease: Severity and Treatment

      Pelikan, Jillian (2020-12)
      The purpose of this in-depth literature review is to examine the relationship between laryngeal physiology and Parkinson’s disease in terms of the severity and possible treatment. This research aims to determine the distinct characteristics of Parkinsonian speech and possible causes of these speech deficits. In addition, a specific type of Parkinson’s disease treatment, deep brain stimulation, was explored to determine effectiveness on laryngeal physiological deficits found in Parkinson’s disease patients. Through synthesizing peer reviewed journals and various studies, data was examined in order to take an in-depth look at the unique relationship between laryngeal physiology and Parkinson’s disease. Findings indicated that Parkinsonian speech characteristics include vocal tremors, breathiness, hoarseness, and decreased vocal projection possibly due to bowed vocal folds or incomplete glottal closure. Low frequency deep brain stimulation treatment may serve as a potential resource for mitigating speech and voice deficits, however results are inconclusive.
    • COVID-19 Investigated in Terms of Disparities: An Analysis of the Past, Present, and Future of Public Health in Illinois

      DeBlock, Hannah (2020-12)
      As a relatively new topic, previous literature fails to address the relation of social determinants of health to COVID-19. By combining existing knowledge on previous epidemics, information on the role of social determinants of health, and data on COVID-19, conclusions can be made about the path going forward. Historically, nonpharmacologic interventions such as quarantine periods, face coverings, and social distancing have been used in epidemics such as the Spanish Influenza of 1918-19. In terms of social determinants of health, geographical location, educational level, and income level all play a part in the health of an individual. Rather than emphasizing personal decisions, health policy can be utilized to address social determinants of health and improve healthcare infrastructure across the country. By directing focus towards proactive, public healthcare rather than reactive, medical healthcare – a healthier society can be formed in a post-COVID world.
    • Determining the Optimal Healthcare System for America: Comparing the Current American and Universal Healthcare Systems

      Kandharkar, Tejas (2021-12)
      U.S. citizens ranked healthcare as the most important issue when it comes to voting (Zieff, 2020). The healthcare system’s importance is evident which is why it is important to determine what healthcare system is optimal for America. I used core indicators to compare the current American healthcare system and universal healthcare system and evaluated them for four key parameters. Based on my analysis, I conclusively determined that the universal healthcare system (Score: 8.23/10) is more optimal than the current American healthcare system (Score: 5.10/10). The American system had a somewhat better quality of care but the universal healthcare system was vastly better at limiting disparities in healthcare. I support research into further optimizing the universal healthcare system specifically for America to eventually adopt universal healthcare in the USA.
    • Cost Structures in American Commercial Banks Under $10 Billion: Trend Analysis with Policy Considerations

      Stucker, Thomas (2021-12)
      Cost structures in the banking have historically been a point of study for economists, but many existing economies of scale studies use highly restricted samples. I compiled quarterly data from 2002-2020 from the Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council’s Uniform Bank Performance Report to estimate the relationship between bank size (measured by total assets) and bank overhead (noninterest) expense for US banks under $10 billion in total assets. I included a continuous time trend as well as binary time variables for the 2008 recession period and the post-Dodd-Frank era in a multiple linear regression model. My estimation found statistically significant evidence for economies of scale in banking under asset levels of $1.45 billion, and that overhead costs trended downwards over time with exceptions during the recession and the Dodd-Frank era. Synthesizing these results with contemporary literature reveals how an understanding of bank cost structures can aid regulators in assessing the potential costs and benefits of new banking regulations.
    • Nos Non Abolere Ordo Lectionum: The History of the Historic Lectionary as Retained by the Lutheran Church

      Walts, Conner (2021-12)
      The history of the Historic Lectionary from a Lutheran perspective provided great insight into its development and retention in the 21st century. This paper reviews the long history of the Historic Lectionary, previously the lectionary of the Western church, and compares its value in light of recent lectionary developments. This study reveals a Lutheran perspective in light of the lectionary debate in the Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod and succinctly sets forth centuries of lectionary history in the West.
    • Higher Education Graduation Rates: Problems, Solutions, and History

      Bowen, Anne (2021-05)
      This thesis explores how higher education graduation rates and student matriculation have affected stakeholders such as donors, students, taxpayers, and both government and nongovernment organization as well as the overall education rate in America. The ongoing implication of higher education graduation barriers is critical and impacting students across the United States. This thesis examines multiple higher education graduation disparities, including socio-economic status, academic preparation, and students’ sense of belong. Additionally, this thesis reflects on how specific predisposed risk factors, educational history, and admissions processes affect the overall student matriculation through end-phase graduation. Throughout history, higher education has used academic undermatching, defined as students’ ability to attend colleges that are less academically selective than those, for which they are academically prepared, and affirmative action or better known as the procedures to try to eliminate discrimination. These actions are unjust and lead to declining graduation rates in the United States. The history behind declining graduation rates includes influence from higher education learning commissions, institutional leadership, and stakeholders, resulting in lack of student success and inadequate understanding. Educational outcomes in the United States have been negatively impacted from the results of declining graduation rates, thus advancing studies to discover the significant 4-year graduation rate gap risk factors and how students’ sense of belonging play a role in earning a higher education degree. This thesis also presents the solutions that institutions, government officials, and researchers are working towards and how students themselves are focusing on participating in activities to advance the graduation rate in the United States
    • Volume 13 no. 3

      Center for Community Engagement (Indiana State University, 2021)
    • Creating Inclusivity While Providing Accommodations: A Practical Guide to Champion Individuals with (Dis)abilities on Campus

      French, Amy E.; Schoper, Sarah E. (ACPA College Student Educators International, 2021-11-05)